Contamination of egg contents may occur in two ways. Direct transmission from the ovary and uterus (vertical infection) or (horizontal infection) from contaminated feces. Limited studies were conducted on penetration of bacteria into the eggs. Infection and penetration of bacteria into the chicken eggs and subsequent phases to establish infection, was found to be related to time factor.
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)