What do Omani women know about breast cancer symptoms?

Lakshmi Renganathan*, Shanthi Ramasubramaniam, Salem Al-Touby, Vidya Seshan, Amal Al-Balushi, Warda Al-Amri, Yusra Al-Nasseri, Yuthar Al-Rawahi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. Studies to detect the awareness of breast cancer among Arab women are few and point to a lack of breast cancer knowledge among females. Early detection of breast cancer plays a leading role in reducing mortality rates and improving prognosis. This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of breast cancer symptoms among Omani women. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was carried out in Muscat, Oman. The study was conducted at three health centers and three shopping malls using convenience sampling. A total of 369 women consented to be part of the study and completed a questionnaire. Responses to the questionnaire were summed to give an overall knowledge score. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data, which was also analyzed statistically.Results: Among the total number of women 68 (19%) were calculated to have poor knowledge, 219 (59%) had average knowledge, 77 (21%) had good knowledge, and five (1%) had excellent knowledge on breast cancer. Among the variables, education status (p=0.002, p<0.050), and family history of breast cancer (p =0.000, p<0.010) was significantly related to a higher knowledge level. Conclusion: The study revealed that there was lack of awareness and knowledge on breast cancer symptoms among Omani women. Breast cancer awareness and early detection through regular breast screening is important to reduce the mortality and morbidity of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-413
Number of pages6
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Breast Cancer
  • Knowledge
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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