Wavelet analysis for early identification of HRV changes in offspring with genetic predisposition to hypertension in Oman

A. Hossen*, L. Khriji, B. Al Ghunaimi, S. Al Barwani, D. Jaju

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Offspring with a genetic predisposition to hypertension may have higher blood pressure (BP) at rest compared with those without a genetic predisposition to hypertension. They are also expected to have a higher sympathetic component in the heart rate variability (HRV) which could be computed with signal processing algorithms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to design a wavelet-based system to estimate the heart rate variability that can be used to detect early cardiovascular changes in offspring with a genetic predisposition to hypertension. Early detection will help in the treatment of those young people. In this work, the relation between the hypertension and the changes in HRV is investigated. METHODS: The frequency domain and time domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) are studied to understand their relationship to the autonomic nervous system in offspring with and without a genetic predisposition to hypertension in Oman at resting state. The wavelet-based soft-decision algorithm is used as the spectral analysis tool to obtain different features from the HRV signal and to select the best performing features for detection of hypertension. The main task is to classify between three categories of subjects: 36 subjects with both normotensive parents (ONT), 22 subjects with single hypertensive parent (OHT1), and 11 subjects with both hypertensive parents (OHT2). RESULTS: The summation of the power of bands B4 and B5 of the 32 bands HRV wavelet-based spectrum, which is equivalent to the frequency range (0.046875 Hz-0.078125 Hz), is used as a classification factor among OHT2, OHT1, and ONT groups. The efficiency of classification between ONT and OHT2 is 85.10%, and between OHT1 and OHT2 is 81.81%. The result of classifying between (ONT and OHT1 as one group) and OHT2 is 85.50%. CONCLUSIONS: The work proves that the wavelet-based spectral analysis technique is a successful tool for classifying the three groups of subjects (ONT, OHT1, and OHT2) with different susceptibility for development of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-879
Number of pages11
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • classification
  • Heart rate variability
  • hypertension
  • hypertensive parents
  • normotensive parents
  • offspring
  • oman family study
  • wavelet analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Information Systems
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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