Two-equation turbulence models for smooth oscillatory boundary layers

Ahmad Sana*, Eng Ban Shuy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Six two-equation turbulence models, comprising three versions from k - ε group and the same number of k - ω model versions, have been tested against the direct numerical simulation (DNS) data for a boundary layer under slowly varying ID oscillatory flow. A detailed comparison has been made for mean velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, Reynolds stress, and bottom shear stress. A quantitative comparison is made in the cross-stream direction using the correlation between DNS data and the model predictions. It is observed that the later versions of the k - ε model perform very well by virtue of the mean velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, and Reynolds stress. The friction factor, phase difference, and boundary layer thickness have been predicted by one of the k - ω models in a better way. This study may be helpful in choosing a suitable model for a specific practical application in coastal environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002


  • Boundary layers
  • Models
  • Oscillations
  • Shear stress
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering


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