Thermal and hydrothermal synthesis of WO3 nanostructure and its optical and photocatalytic properties for the degradation of Cephalexin and Nizatidine in aqueous solution

Faisal Al Marzouqi, Noor A. Al-Balushi, Alex T. Kuvarega, Sreejith Karthikeyan, Rengaraj Selvaraj*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Pharmaceuticals have recently become a serious environmental concern due to the increase in the human population, industrial development and modern lifestyles. The optical property and photocatalytic degradation of Cephalexin and Nizatidine were investigated using nanostructured WO3 under visible photon irradiation. The WO3 nanostructures were synthesised through direct heating and hydrothermal method using WCl6 as a precursor for tungsten. The prepared WO3 was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis and Photoluminescence analysis (PL). The optical properties were investigated by UV–vis DRS and PL were WO3 nanostructures exhibited band gaps from 2.60 to 2.70 eV and an emission covering the blue-violet region. The photocatalytic activity studies revealed that the prepared WO3 exhibit good photocatalytic performance, degrading the aqueous pharmaceutical solutions of Cephalexin and Nizatidine under visible light illumination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114991
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Band gap
  • Degradation
  • Hydrothermal
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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