The German Bight (North Sea) is a nursery area for both locally and externally produced sprat juveniles

Hannes Baumann, Arne M. Malzahn, Rudi Voss, Axel Temming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To better understand the role of the German Bight (GB) as a nursery area for juvenile North Sea sprat Sprattus sprattus we sought to determine whether the area may receive only locally or also externally produced offspring. We sampled juveniles during 3 trawl surveys in the GB in August, September, and October 2004 and applied otolith microstructure analysis in order to reconstruct their distributions of the day-of-first-increment-formation (dif). These were contrasted with spatial and seasonal patterns of sprat egg abundance in the GB and its adjacent areas, observed during 6 monthly plankton surveys. It was found that the majority of juveniles originated mainly from April/May 2004, coinciding with high spawning activity west of the GB, whereas spawning and larval production inside the GB peaked notably later, in May/June. This indicated that a large proportion of juveniles was produced outside the GB and transported subsequently into it through passive and/or active migration. Shifts to later mean difs from one survey to the next and length distributions indicative of the simultaneous presence of multiple cohorts, supported the notion that the GB is a complex retention and nursery area for sprat offspring from different North Sea spawning grounds and times. Later born juveniles had significantly faster initial growth rates than earlier born conspecifics, which was likely temperature-mediated, given the strong correlation between back-calculated growth histories and sea surface temperature as a proxy for thermal histories of juveniles (r2 = 0.52).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-243
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sea Research
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

Fingerprint

North Sea
spawning
Sprattus sprattus
spawning ground
history
otolith
otoliths
microstructure
surface temperature
plankton
sea
sea surface temperature
seasonal variation
egg
heat
temperature

Keywords

  • Egg Production
  • Helgoland Roads
  • Larval Production
  • Nursery Area
  • Otolith Microstructure Analysis
  • Temperature-Growth Relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Oceanography

Cite this

The German Bight (North Sea) is a nursery area for both locally and externally produced sprat juveniles. / Baumann, Hannes; Malzahn, Arne M.; Voss, Rudi; Temming, Axel.

In: Journal of Sea Research, Vol. 61, No. 4, 04.2009, p. 234-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baumann, Hannes ; Malzahn, Arne M. ; Voss, Rudi ; Temming, Axel. / The German Bight (North Sea) is a nursery area for both locally and externally produced sprat juveniles. In: Journal of Sea Research. 2009 ; Vol. 61, No. 4. pp. 234-243.
@article{f630aefe70c5400aa0e4be0893366811,
title = "The German Bight (North Sea) is a nursery area for both locally and externally produced sprat juveniles",
abstract = "To better understand the role of the German Bight (GB) as a nursery area for juvenile North Sea sprat Sprattus sprattus we sought to determine whether the area may receive only locally or also externally produced offspring. We sampled juveniles during 3 trawl surveys in the GB in August, September, and October 2004 and applied otolith microstructure analysis in order to reconstruct their distributions of the day-of-first-increment-formation (dif). These were contrasted with spatial and seasonal patterns of sprat egg abundance in the GB and its adjacent areas, observed during 6 monthly plankton surveys. It was found that the majority of juveniles originated mainly from April/May 2004, coinciding with high spawning activity west of the GB, whereas spawning and larval production inside the GB peaked notably later, in May/June. This indicated that a large proportion of juveniles was produced outside the GB and transported subsequently into it through passive and/or active migration. Shifts to later mean difs from one survey to the next and length distributions indicative of the simultaneous presence of multiple cohorts, supported the notion that the GB is a complex retention and nursery area for sprat offspring from different North Sea spawning grounds and times. Later born juveniles had significantly faster initial growth rates than earlier born conspecifics, which was likely temperature-mediated, given the strong correlation between back-calculated growth histories and sea surface temperature as a proxy for thermal histories of juveniles (r2 = 0.52).",
keywords = "Egg Production, Helgoland Roads, Larval Production, Nursery Area, Otolith Microstructure Analysis, Temperature-Growth Relationship",
author = "Hannes Baumann and Malzahn, {Arne M.} and Rudi Voss and Axel Temming",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.seares.2009.01.004",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "234--243",
journal = "Journal of Sea Research",
issn = "1385-1101",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The German Bight (North Sea) is a nursery area for both locally and externally produced sprat juveniles

AU - Baumann, Hannes

AU - Malzahn, Arne M.

AU - Voss, Rudi

AU - Temming, Axel

PY - 2009/4

Y1 - 2009/4

N2 - To better understand the role of the German Bight (GB) as a nursery area for juvenile North Sea sprat Sprattus sprattus we sought to determine whether the area may receive only locally or also externally produced offspring. We sampled juveniles during 3 trawl surveys in the GB in August, September, and October 2004 and applied otolith microstructure analysis in order to reconstruct their distributions of the day-of-first-increment-formation (dif). These were contrasted with spatial and seasonal patterns of sprat egg abundance in the GB and its adjacent areas, observed during 6 monthly plankton surveys. It was found that the majority of juveniles originated mainly from April/May 2004, coinciding with high spawning activity west of the GB, whereas spawning and larval production inside the GB peaked notably later, in May/June. This indicated that a large proportion of juveniles was produced outside the GB and transported subsequently into it through passive and/or active migration. Shifts to later mean difs from one survey to the next and length distributions indicative of the simultaneous presence of multiple cohorts, supported the notion that the GB is a complex retention and nursery area for sprat offspring from different North Sea spawning grounds and times. Later born juveniles had significantly faster initial growth rates than earlier born conspecifics, which was likely temperature-mediated, given the strong correlation between back-calculated growth histories and sea surface temperature as a proxy for thermal histories of juveniles (r2 = 0.52).

AB - To better understand the role of the German Bight (GB) as a nursery area for juvenile North Sea sprat Sprattus sprattus we sought to determine whether the area may receive only locally or also externally produced offspring. We sampled juveniles during 3 trawl surveys in the GB in August, September, and October 2004 and applied otolith microstructure analysis in order to reconstruct their distributions of the day-of-first-increment-formation (dif). These were contrasted with spatial and seasonal patterns of sprat egg abundance in the GB and its adjacent areas, observed during 6 monthly plankton surveys. It was found that the majority of juveniles originated mainly from April/May 2004, coinciding with high spawning activity west of the GB, whereas spawning and larval production inside the GB peaked notably later, in May/June. This indicated that a large proportion of juveniles was produced outside the GB and transported subsequently into it through passive and/or active migration. Shifts to later mean difs from one survey to the next and length distributions indicative of the simultaneous presence of multiple cohorts, supported the notion that the GB is a complex retention and nursery area for sprat offspring from different North Sea spawning grounds and times. Later born juveniles had significantly faster initial growth rates than earlier born conspecifics, which was likely temperature-mediated, given the strong correlation between back-calculated growth histories and sea surface temperature as a proxy for thermal histories of juveniles (r2 = 0.52).

KW - Egg Production

KW - Helgoland Roads

KW - Larval Production

KW - Nursery Area

KW - Otolith Microstructure Analysis

KW - Temperature-Growth Relationship

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=62849118426&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=62849118426&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.seares.2009.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.seares.2009.01.004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:62849118426

VL - 61

SP - 234

EP - 243

JO - Journal of Sea Research

JF - Journal of Sea Research

SN - 1385-1101

IS - 4

ER -