The Co3O4 nanoparticle-enhanced luminol-O2 chemiluminescence reaction used for the determination of nortriptyline hydrochloride and lamotrigine in pharmaceutical and environmental samples

Mortaza Iranifam, Nasim Rahmati Hendekhale, Haider A.J. Al Lawati

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Spherical, cubic and plate-like Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised and, then, were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). It was found that Co3O4 NPs possess oxidase-like activity and could enhance the intensity of the CL reaction. The enhancing effect of Co3O4 NPs on the CL reaction was dependent on the shape of the Co3O4 NPs. It increased in the order of Co3O4 nanoplates (NPLs) < Co3O4 nanocubes (NCs) < Co3O4 nanospheres (NSs). Moreover, it was found that nortriptyline (NT) and lamotrigine (LTG) could quench the Co3O4 NSs-luminol-O2 CL reaction. Based on these findings, simple and sensitive CL methods for the determination of NT and LTG were proposed. The linear dynamic ranges of the CL methods were 1.0 × 10-6-1.0 × 10-4 mol L-1, with a limit of detection (LOD) = 5.2 × 10-7 mol L-1 for NT and 7.0 × 10-7-1.0 × 10-4 mol L-1, with a LOD = 2.8 × 10-7 mol L-1 for LTG. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the CL methods was 3.6 and 2.7 (n = 9) for the determination of 1.0 × 10-6 mol L-1 NT and LTG, respectively. The CL method was used for the measurement of NT and LTG in pharmaceutical preparations and spiked tap waters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-438
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical Methods
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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