The characteristics and patterns of utilization of healthcare services among Omanis with substance use disorders attending therapy for cessation

Nabila Al Wahaibi, Anwaar Al Lawati, Falaah Al Ruqeishy, Abdulla Al Khatri, Yahya Al-Farsi, Tahira M.A. Juma, Fatma Al Hinai, Nasser Al-Sibani, Sangeetha Mahadevan, Samir al-Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background It is indicated that Oman is witnessing an increase in issues pertinent to alcohol and psychoactive substance use. Aim The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of Omanis with substance use disorder attending a specialized hospital in Oman and the pattern of their utilization of healthcare services. A related aim was to ascertain the age group most vulnerable to alcohol and substance use in Oman. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care center specialized for treatment of those engaging in substance use in Oman. The participants in the study were selected from a convenience sample among patients seeking consultation at the center for alcohol and substance use. A six-part questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding socio-demographic background, clinical history, healthcare utilization and perceived hurdles to access. Chi-square analyses were used to evaluate the significance of differences among categorical data. Logistic regression modelling was used to obtain measures of association after adjusting for confounding factors. Results Among the patients (n = 293) seeking cessation therapy, 99% were male and less than 30 years of age. Peer influences on the initiation of substance use were significant. Most patients had a history of polysubstance use, including intravenous substance use. Cannabis and alcohol were the first substances consumed by most patients and Hepatitis C and psychiatric disorders were found to be the most common co-morbidities. The participants that reported use of cannabis and benzodiazepines were more likely to perceive “improvement” upon receiving treatment. Conclusion This study indicated that males below 30 years of age with a history of polysubstance use were likely to attend a hospital specialized in treating substance use disorder in Oman. This study identified information regarding socio-demographic background, risk factors and perceived hurdles to healthcare that could serve as groundwork for further studies conducted on newly emerging issues of substance use in Oman.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0210532
JournalPLoS One
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Oman
health services
Substance-Related Disorders
Alcohols
Delivery of Health Care
therapeutics
Cannabis
alcohols
Therapeutics
demographic statistics
Benzodiazepines
Demography
hepatitis C
Logistics
benzodiazepines
behavior disorders
peers
Hepatitis C
Tertiary Care Centers
cross-sectional studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

The characteristics and patterns of utilization of healthcare services among Omanis with substance use disorders attending therapy for cessation. / Wahaibi, Nabila Al; Lawati, Anwaar Al; Ruqeishy, Falaah Al; Khatri, Abdulla Al; Al-Farsi, Yahya; Juma, Tahira M.A.; Hinai, Fatma Al; Al-Sibani, Nasser; Mahadevan, Sangeetha; al-Adawi, Samir.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 14, No. 1, e0210532, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wahaibi, Nabila Al ; Lawati, Anwaar Al ; Ruqeishy, Falaah Al ; Khatri, Abdulla Al ; Al-Farsi, Yahya ; Juma, Tahira M.A. ; Hinai, Fatma Al ; Al-Sibani, Nasser ; Mahadevan, Sangeetha ; al-Adawi, Samir. / The characteristics and patterns of utilization of healthcare services among Omanis with substance use disorders attending therapy for cessation. In: PLoS One. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
@article{c2f40897f6d34464b9583c84fdb63652,
title = "The characteristics and patterns of utilization of healthcare services among Omanis with substance use disorders attending therapy for cessation",
abstract = "Background It is indicated that Oman is witnessing an increase in issues pertinent to alcohol and psychoactive substance use. Aim The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of Omanis with substance use disorder attending a specialized hospital in Oman and the pattern of their utilization of healthcare services. A related aim was to ascertain the age group most vulnerable to alcohol and substance use in Oman. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care center specialized for treatment of those engaging in substance use in Oman. The participants in the study were selected from a convenience sample among patients seeking consultation at the center for alcohol and substance use. A six-part questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding socio-demographic background, clinical history, healthcare utilization and perceived hurdles to access. Chi-square analyses were used to evaluate the significance of differences among categorical data. Logistic regression modelling was used to obtain measures of association after adjusting for confounding factors. Results Among the patients (n = 293) seeking cessation therapy, 99{\%} were male and less than 30 years of age. Peer influences on the initiation of substance use were significant. Most patients had a history of polysubstance use, including intravenous substance use. Cannabis and alcohol were the first substances consumed by most patients and Hepatitis C and psychiatric disorders were found to be the most common co-morbidities. The participants that reported use of cannabis and benzodiazepines were more likely to perceive “improvement” upon receiving treatment. Conclusion This study indicated that males below 30 years of age with a history of polysubstance use were likely to attend a hospital specialized in treating substance use disorder in Oman. This study identified information regarding socio-demographic background, risk factors and perceived hurdles to healthcare that could serve as groundwork for further studies conducted on newly emerging issues of substance use in Oman.",
author = "Wahaibi, {Nabila Al} and Lawati, {Anwaar Al} and Ruqeishy, {Falaah Al} and Khatri, {Abdulla Al} and Yahya Al-Farsi and Juma, {Tahira M.A.} and Hinai, {Fatma Al} and Nasser Al-Sibani and Sangeetha Mahadevan and Samir al-Adawi",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0210532",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The characteristics and patterns of utilization of healthcare services among Omanis with substance use disorders attending therapy for cessation

AU - Wahaibi, Nabila Al

AU - Lawati, Anwaar Al

AU - Ruqeishy, Falaah Al

AU - Khatri, Abdulla Al

AU - Al-Farsi, Yahya

AU - Juma, Tahira M.A.

AU - Hinai, Fatma Al

AU - Al-Sibani, Nasser

AU - Mahadevan, Sangeetha

AU - al-Adawi, Samir

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background It is indicated that Oman is witnessing an increase in issues pertinent to alcohol and psychoactive substance use. Aim The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of Omanis with substance use disorder attending a specialized hospital in Oman and the pattern of their utilization of healthcare services. A related aim was to ascertain the age group most vulnerable to alcohol and substance use in Oman. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care center specialized for treatment of those engaging in substance use in Oman. The participants in the study were selected from a convenience sample among patients seeking consultation at the center for alcohol and substance use. A six-part questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding socio-demographic background, clinical history, healthcare utilization and perceived hurdles to access. Chi-square analyses were used to evaluate the significance of differences among categorical data. Logistic regression modelling was used to obtain measures of association after adjusting for confounding factors. Results Among the patients (n = 293) seeking cessation therapy, 99% were male and less than 30 years of age. Peer influences on the initiation of substance use were significant. Most patients had a history of polysubstance use, including intravenous substance use. Cannabis and alcohol were the first substances consumed by most patients and Hepatitis C and psychiatric disorders were found to be the most common co-morbidities. The participants that reported use of cannabis and benzodiazepines were more likely to perceive “improvement” upon receiving treatment. Conclusion This study indicated that males below 30 years of age with a history of polysubstance use were likely to attend a hospital specialized in treating substance use disorder in Oman. This study identified information regarding socio-demographic background, risk factors and perceived hurdles to healthcare that could serve as groundwork for further studies conducted on newly emerging issues of substance use in Oman.

AB - Background It is indicated that Oman is witnessing an increase in issues pertinent to alcohol and psychoactive substance use. Aim The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of Omanis with substance use disorder attending a specialized hospital in Oman and the pattern of their utilization of healthcare services. A related aim was to ascertain the age group most vulnerable to alcohol and substance use in Oman. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care center specialized for treatment of those engaging in substance use in Oman. The participants in the study were selected from a convenience sample among patients seeking consultation at the center for alcohol and substance use. A six-part questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding socio-demographic background, clinical history, healthcare utilization and perceived hurdles to access. Chi-square analyses were used to evaluate the significance of differences among categorical data. Logistic regression modelling was used to obtain measures of association after adjusting for confounding factors. Results Among the patients (n = 293) seeking cessation therapy, 99% were male and less than 30 years of age. Peer influences on the initiation of substance use were significant. Most patients had a history of polysubstance use, including intravenous substance use. Cannabis and alcohol were the first substances consumed by most patients and Hepatitis C and psychiatric disorders were found to be the most common co-morbidities. The participants that reported use of cannabis and benzodiazepines were more likely to perceive “improvement” upon receiving treatment. Conclusion This study indicated that males below 30 years of age with a history of polysubstance use were likely to attend a hospital specialized in treating substance use disorder in Oman. This study identified information regarding socio-demographic background, risk factors and perceived hurdles to healthcare that could serve as groundwork for further studies conducted on newly emerging issues of substance use in Oman.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060844454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060844454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0210532

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0210532

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - e0210532

ER -