Temperature effect on exchange coupling and magnetization reversal in antiferromagnetically coupled (Co/Pd) multilayers

R. Sbiaa, I. A. Al-Omari, P. R. Kharel, M. Ranjbar, D. J. Sellmyer, J. Åkerman, S. N. Piramanayagam

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Abstract

Magnetization reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) soft and hard (Co/Pd) multilayers was studied as a function of temperature. While the hard [Co(0.3nm)/Pd(0.8nm)]×10 was kept unchanged, the softness of the [Co(t)/Pd(0.8nm)]×3 was controlled by varying the thickness t of the Co sublayer. Clear two-step hysteresis loops were observed for all the investigated multilayers with t ranging between 0.4 and 1nm. The spin reorientation of the soft layer magnetization from in-plane direction to out-of-plane direction was investigated from 50 to 300K. The antiferromagnetic field HAFC measured from the shift of the minor hysteresis loop reveals a good agreement to the quantum-well model. From the out-of-plane hysteresis loop of the uncoupled soft layer, its magnetization shows an in-plane orientation for tâ‰10.6nm. The strong HAFC helps to induce an out-of plane orientation of the soft layer with a linear decrease of its coercivity with temperature. These investigated structures show the possibility to reduce the unwanted stray field and improving the out-of-plane anisotropy even for relatively thicker soft layer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063902
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume118
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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