Surgical site infections in Eastern Mediterranean region: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abdulbaset Maleknejad, Neda Dastyar, Mahin Badakhsh, Abbas Balouchi, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Omar Al Rawajfah, Khadije Rezaie Keikhaie*, Mahmood Sheyback

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common and costly type of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) worldwide. Despite individual studies, there is also no clear statistics on the SSI prevalence rate in the East Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of SSI in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed by searching three international databases (Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus) from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2018. The keywords used included ‘Prevalence’ OR ‘incidence’ OR ‘surgical site infection’ OR ‘wound infection’ OR ‘Postoperative Wound Infections’ and ‘Middle east’. The Hoy et al.’s tool was used to evaluate the quality of the articles. Result: Out of 889 initial studies, 40 studies from 12 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region were included in the final stage of the study. Based on the results of random effect method, the overall prevalence of SSI in 137,452 patients was 7.9% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 7.1, 8.8; I2=96.7%). The prevalence of SSI in cardiac surgery and general surgery wards was 10 and 9.2%, respectively. The prevalence of SSI was lower in women than in males, although this difference was related to caesarean section. Conclusions: Considering the high prevalence of SSI in the Eastern Mediterranean region, timely diagnosis, proper prevention and postoperative control are necessary in the region using the same international guides in all countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-729
Number of pages11
JournalInfectious Diseases
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Eastern Mediterranean
  • meta-analysis
  • Prevalence
  • surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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