Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman

Anton Purnama*, H. H. Al-Barwani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of a tidally oscillating flow in dispersing brine waste discharge into the sea is investigated using a two-dimensional advection-diffusion equation. As a seawater desalination plant is continuously disposing of brines at a constant rate, unacceptably high salinity in coastal water on both sides of the outfall are created due to the flow reversals. It is found that by building a longer outfall, such potential environmental impacts may be reduced. Other discharge strategies that minimize the salt concentration levels at the beach are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2006


  • Brine discharges
  • Gulf of Oman
  • Sea outfall
  • Tidal flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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