Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman

Anton Purnama, H. H. Al-Barwani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of a tidally oscillating flow in dispersing brine waste discharge into the sea is investigated using a two-dimensional advection-diffusion equation. As a seawater desalination plant is continuously disposing of brines at a constant rate, unacceptably high salinity in coastal water on both sides of the outfall are created due to the flow reversals. It is found that by building a longer outfall, such potential environmental impacts may be reduced. Other discharge strategies that minimize the salt concentration levels at the beach are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalDesalination
Volume195
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2006

Fingerprint

Outfalls
brine
Oscillating flow
advection-diffusion equation
oscillating flow
Brines
Advection
Desalination
Beaches
Seawater
Environmental impact
coastal water
beach
environmental impact
Salts
salt
seawater
salinity
Water
gulf

Keywords

  • Brine discharges
  • Gulf of Oman
  • Sea outfall
  • Tidal flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman. / Purnama, Anton; Al-Barwani, H. H.

In: Desalination, Vol. 195, No. 1-3, 05.08.2006, p. 26-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Purnama, Anton ; Al-Barwani, H. H. / Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman. In: Desalination. 2006 ; Vol. 195, No. 1-3. pp. 26-31.
@article{3bae3b488c40494fa5f338cacf0b1494,
title = "Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman",
abstract = "The effect of a tidally oscillating flow in dispersing brine waste discharge into the sea is investigated using a two-dimensional advection-diffusion equation. As a seawater desalination plant is continuously disposing of brines at a constant rate, unacceptably high salinity in coastal water on both sides of the outfall are created due to the flow reversals. It is found that by building a longer outfall, such potential environmental impacts may be reduced. Other discharge strategies that minimize the salt concentration levels at the beach are discussed.",
keywords = "Brine discharges, Gulf of Oman, Sea outfall, Tidal flow",
author = "Anton Purnama and Al-Barwani, {H. H.}",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2005.09.036",
language = "English",
volume = "195",
pages = "26--31",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spreading of brine waste discharges into the Gulf of Oman

AU - Purnama, Anton

AU - Al-Barwani, H. H.

PY - 2006/8/5

Y1 - 2006/8/5

N2 - The effect of a tidally oscillating flow in dispersing brine waste discharge into the sea is investigated using a two-dimensional advection-diffusion equation. As a seawater desalination plant is continuously disposing of brines at a constant rate, unacceptably high salinity in coastal water on both sides of the outfall are created due to the flow reversals. It is found that by building a longer outfall, such potential environmental impacts may be reduced. Other discharge strategies that minimize the salt concentration levels at the beach are discussed.

AB - The effect of a tidally oscillating flow in dispersing brine waste discharge into the sea is investigated using a two-dimensional advection-diffusion equation. As a seawater desalination plant is continuously disposing of brines at a constant rate, unacceptably high salinity in coastal water on both sides of the outfall are created due to the flow reversals. It is found that by building a longer outfall, such potential environmental impacts may be reduced. Other discharge strategies that minimize the salt concentration levels at the beach are discussed.

KW - Brine discharges

KW - Gulf of Oman

KW - Sea outfall

KW - Tidal flow

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33746512088&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33746512088&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2005.09.036

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2005.09.036

M3 - Article

VL - 195

SP - 26

EP - 31

JO - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

IS - 1-3

ER -