Seed priming with sorghum extracts and benzyl aminopurine improves the tolerance against salt stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Muhammad Farooq*, Ahmad Nawaz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Salt stress impedes the productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in many parts of the world. This study evaluated the potential role of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) and sorghum water extract (SWE) in improving the wheat performance under saline conditions. Seeds were primed with BAP (5 mg L−1), SWE (5% v/v), BAP + SWE, and distilled water (hydropriming). Soil filled pots maintained at the soil salinity levels of 4 and 10 dS m−1 were used for the sowing of primed and non-primed seeds. Salt stress suppressed the wheat growth; seed priming treatments significantly improved the wheat growth under optimal and suboptimal conditions. Total phenolics, total soluble sugars and proteins, α-amylase activity, chlorophyll contents, and tissue potassium ion (K+) contents were increased by seed priming under salt stress; while, tissue sodium ion (Na+) contents were decreased. Seed priming with SWE + BAP was the most effective in this regard. Under salt stress, the tissue Na+ contents were reduced by 5.78, 28.3, 32.2, 36.7% by hydropriming, seed priming with SWE, seed priming with BAP, and seed priming with SWE + BAP, respectively over the non-primed control. Effectiveness of seed priming techniques followed the order SWE + BAP > BAP > SWE > Hydropriming. In conclusion, seed priming with SWE + BAP may be opted to improve the tolerance against salt stress in wheat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalPhysiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Allelopathy
  • Growth promotion
  • Salt tolerance
  • Seed priming
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science

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