Objective: This study was aimed at correlating the salivary and serum free concentrations of anti-epileptic drugs (carbamazepine, phenytoin and sodium valproate) in a population of neurological patients in a routine clinical setting. Method: Twenty-seven paired serum/saliva specimens from 22 patients : 10 for carbamazepine, 8 for phenytoin and 9 for sodium valproate were obtained to study these correlations. Salivary and serum free concentrations of anti-epileptic drugs, anti-epileptic drug dosing history, and associated information were collected prospectively. The salivary and serum free concentrations of the anti-epileptic drugs were simultaneously quantified using fluorescence polarization immunoassay (TDx analyzer). Results: For both carbamazepine and phenytoin there was a strong correlation between the salivary and serum free concentrations, 0.99 and 0.98, respectively. The mean ratio of salivary to serum free carbamazepine concentration was 1.02 ± 0.11 and 0.82 ± 0.15 for phenytoin. A poor correlation between salivary and serum free concentration was observed for sodium valproate (0.70) with a mean ratio of salivary to serum free concentration of 0.48 ± 0.27. Conclusion: Monitoring of free salivary concentrations of anti-epileptic drugs, particularly phenytoin and carbamazepine proved to be a realistic alternative in this routine clinical setting.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Acta Neurologica Belgica|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- Sodium valproate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology