Role of planting pattern and irrigation management on growth and yield of spring planted sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

Javeed Shabbir Dar*, Mumtaz Akhtar Cheema, Muhammad Ashfaq Wahid, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Muhammad Farooq, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water stress is a major limiting factor for sunflower production in the arid and semi arid regions in the world. A field experiment was conducted to assess the impact of different planting pattern and irrigation levels on growth and yield of spring planted sunflower. Four planting patterns (P1 = 60 cm spaced single row flat sowing, P2 = 60 cm spaced single row ridge sowing, P3 = 90 cm spaced double row strip flat sowing, P4 = 90 cm spaced double row bed sowing) and four irrigation levels (I0 = normal irrigations, I1 = irrigation skipped at pre-anthesis stage, I2 = irrigation skipped at anthesis stage, I3 = irrigation skipped at post-anthesis stage) were used. Maximum LAI and CGR were recorded at P2, whereas post anthesis stress treatment produced maximum crop growth. Maximum value of NAR was observed at P3 treatment and at anthesis stress. Highest achene yield (kg ha-1) was recorded at P2I0 (38% more yield than P3I1) treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-706
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Agriculture and Biology
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Growth
  • Irrigation
  • Planting pattern
  • Sunflower
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this