Religiosity and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Patients Attending a Public Hospital-Based HIV/AIDS Clinic in Uganda

Rita N. Kisenyi, Joshua K. Muliira, Elizabeth Ayebare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


In Uganda, the prevalence of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) by HIV/AIDS patients remains high and sometimes this is blamed on patients' religious behavior. A descriptive design was used to examine the relationship between religiosity and ART adherence in a sample of 220 patients attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in a Ugandan public hospital. Participants who self-identified as Pentecostal and Muslim had the highest percentage of members with high religiosity scores and ART adherence. Among Muslim participants (34), 82% reported high religiosity scores and high levels of ART adherence. Of the fifty Pentecostals participants, 96% reported high religiosity scores and 80% reported high levels of ART adherence. Correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between ART adherence and religiosity (r = 0. 618, P ≤ 0. 01). Therefore, collaboration between religious leaders and HIV/AIDS healthcare providers should be encouraged as one of the strategies for enhancing ART adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-317
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV/AIDS patients
  • Religiosity
  • Uganda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this