Physiological enhancements for alleviation of salt stress in wheat

Irfan Afzal*, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmad Basra, Amjad Hameed, Muhammad Farooq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increased salinity is a severe problem to crop production while pre-sowing seed treatments can effectively induce salt tolerance in plants. The effect of different pre-sowing seed treatments (hydropriming, halopriming (50 mM CaCl 2.2H2O), ascorbate priming (50 mg L-1) and pre-sowing chilling treatment (-19°C) on seed germination, vigor, antioxidants and total soluble protein content was investigated in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars Auqab-2000 (salt tolerant) and MH-97 (salt sensitive) under saline (15 dS m-1) or non-saline (4 dS m -1) conditions. Of all the seed pretreatments, halopriming followed by hydropriming was the most effective in alleviating the adverse effect of salinity by improving germination and seedling growth of both cultivars. In addition, the effect of ascorbate priming was more pronounced in salt tolerant cultivar as revealed from curtailed mean germination time, improved seedling vigor and enhanced ascorbate contents and catalase (CAT) activity. Salinity significantly increased leaf protein content in both cultivars but the magnitude of increase in protein content was higher in Auqab-2000 as compared to that in MH-97. All pre-sowing seed treatments significantly enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in MH-97 while priming with CaCl2· 2H2O and ascorbate were very effective in Auqab-2000 during stress conditions. The salt-tolerant cultivar Auqab-2000 had a better protection against reactive oxygen species (ROS) as shown by increased SOD amd CAT activities under salt stress. In conclusion, halopriming and hydropriming successfully improved the seed performance in both cultivars whereas priming with ascorbate was only effective in salt tolerant cultivar under saline conditions. This benefit was attributed to early and synchronized germination, vigorous stand establishment, and decreased oxidative damage due to enhanced antioxidant system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1649-1659
Number of pages11
JournalPakistan Journal of Botany
Volume38
Issue number5 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Oxidative stress
  • Salt tolerance
  • Seed priming
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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