Persistence of p53 mutations and resistance of keratinocytes to apoptosis are associated with the increased susceptibility of mice lacking the XPC gene to UV carcinogenesis

Honnavara N. Ananthaswamy, Allal Ouhtit, Randall L. Evans, Alexander Gorny, Polina Khaskina, Arthur T. Sands, Claudio J. Conti

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Like xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) patients, transgenic mice lacking nucleotide excision repair (NER) genes such as XPA and XPC are extremely susceptible to ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer. Because the p53 gene is an important target for UV carcinogenesis and because the p53 protein modulates NER, we investigated the consequences of NER deficiency on UV-induced p53 mutations in XPC-/- mouse skin tumors. Thirty-eight (76%) of 50 UV-induced XPC-/- skin tumor analysed displayed C→T or CC→TT transitions at dipyrimidine sites on the untranscribed strand of the p53 gene. A major hot spot for p53 mutation occurred at codon 270, which is also a hot spot in UV-induced skin tumors from NER-proficient C3H and SKH-hr 1 mice. Interestingly, codon 270 mutations were induced in both XPC-/- and +/+ mouse skin after 1 week of UV irradiation, but the mutations persisted only in XPC-/- mouse skin after 3-4 weeks of chronic UV. The persistence of UV-induced p53 mutations in XPC-/- mouse skin was associated with decreased apoptosis and increased proliferation of keratinocytes, suggesting that these events may contribute to the accelerated development of UV-induced skin tumors in XPC-/- mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7395-7398
Number of pages4
JournalOncogene
Volume18
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 1999

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Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • DNA repair
  • p53
  • Skin cancer
  • Sunlight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Ananthaswamy, H. N., Ouhtit, A., Evans, R. L., Gorny, A., Khaskina, P., Sands, A. T., & Conti, C. J. (1999). Persistence of p53 mutations and resistance of keratinocytes to apoptosis are associated with the increased susceptibility of mice lacking the XPC gene to UV carcinogenesis. Oncogene, 18(51), 7395-7398.