On the potential of least squares response method for the calibration of superconducting gravimeters

Mahmoud Abd El-Gelil*, Spiros Pagiatakis, Ahmed El-Rabbany

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


One of the most important operating procedures after the installation of a superconducting gravimeter (SG) is its calibration. The calibration process can identify and evaluate possible time variability in the scale factor and in the hardware anti-aliasing filter response. The SG installed in Cantley, Canada is calibrated using two absolute gravimeters and the data are analysed in the time and frequency domains to estimate the SG scale factor. In the time domain, we use the weighted linear regression method whereas in the frequency domain we use the least squares response method. Rigorous statistical procedures are applied to define data disturbances, outliers, and realistic data noise levels. Using data from JILA-2 and FG5-236 separately, the scale factor is estimated in the time and frequency domains as -78.374±0.012 μGal/V and -78.403±0.075 μGal/V, respectively. The relative accuracy in the time domain is 0.015. We cannot identify any significant periodicity in the scale factor. The hardware anti-aliasing filter response is tested by injecting known waves into the control electronics of the system. Results show that the anti-aliasing filter response is stable and conforms to the global geodynamics project standards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number741729
JournalInternational Journal of Geophysics
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geophysics


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