Novel mutation of GLRA1 in omani families with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation

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Abstract

Hyperekplexia is characterized by neonatal hypertonia and exaggerated startle reflex in response to loud noise or tactile stimuli. Mutations in patients with hyperekplexia were evident in several genes encoding proteins involved in glycinergic neurotransmission, i.e., glycine receptor α and β subunits, collybistin, gephyrin, and glycine transporter 2. We clinically and genetically characterized two large, unrelated consanguineous families with hyperekplexia. Affected members of the two families manifested hyperekplexia with mild mental retardation. Patients exhibited a novel homozygote c.593G>C missense mutation in GLRA1, resulting in amino acid substitution p.W170S in the corresponding mature glycine receptor α1 subunit. This mutation was absent in 400 randomly selected chromosomes in the same population. In conclusion, a novel p.W170S mutation in the extracellular ligand binding domain of glycine receptor α1 subunit was detected in patients with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Intellectual Disability
Glycine Receptors
Mutation
Startle Reflex
Glycine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
Muscle Hypertonia
Homozygote
Touch
Missense Mutation
Amino Acid Substitution
Synaptic Transmission
Noise
Chromosomes
Hyperekplexia
Ligands
Population
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Novel mutation of GLRA1 in omani families with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation",
abstract = "Hyperekplexia is characterized by neonatal hypertonia and exaggerated startle reflex in response to loud noise or tactile stimuli. Mutations in patients with hyperekplexia were evident in several genes encoding proteins involved in glycinergic neurotransmission, i.e., glycine receptor α and β subunits, collybistin, gephyrin, and glycine transporter 2. We clinically and genetically characterized two large, unrelated consanguineous families with hyperekplexia. Affected members of the two families manifested hyperekplexia with mild mental retardation. Patients exhibited a novel homozygote c.593G>C missense mutation in GLRA1, resulting in amino acid substitution p.W170S in the corresponding mature glycine receptor α1 subunit. This mutation was absent in 400 randomly selected chromosomes in the same population. In conclusion, a novel p.W170S mutation in the extracellular ligand binding domain of glycine receptor α1 subunit was detected in patients with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation.",
author = "Al-Futaisi, {Amna Mohammed} and Al-Kindi, {Mohammed Nasser} and Al-Mawali, {Al Mundher} and Koul, {Roshan Lal} and Samir Al-Adawi and Al-Yahyaee, {Said Ali}",
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T1 - Novel mutation of GLRA1 in omani families with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation

AU - Al-Futaisi, Amna Mohammed

AU - Al-Kindi, Mohammed Nasser

AU - Al-Mawali, Al Mundher

AU - Koul, Roshan Lal

AU - Al-Adawi, Samir

AU - Al-Yahyaee, Said Ali

PY - 2012/2

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N2 - Hyperekplexia is characterized by neonatal hypertonia and exaggerated startle reflex in response to loud noise or tactile stimuli. Mutations in patients with hyperekplexia were evident in several genes encoding proteins involved in glycinergic neurotransmission, i.e., glycine receptor α and β subunits, collybistin, gephyrin, and glycine transporter 2. We clinically and genetically characterized two large, unrelated consanguineous families with hyperekplexia. Affected members of the two families manifested hyperekplexia with mild mental retardation. Patients exhibited a novel homozygote c.593G>C missense mutation in GLRA1, resulting in amino acid substitution p.W170S in the corresponding mature glycine receptor α1 subunit. This mutation was absent in 400 randomly selected chromosomes in the same population. In conclusion, a novel p.W170S mutation in the extracellular ligand binding domain of glycine receptor α1 subunit was detected in patients with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation.

AB - Hyperekplexia is characterized by neonatal hypertonia and exaggerated startle reflex in response to loud noise or tactile stimuli. Mutations in patients with hyperekplexia were evident in several genes encoding proteins involved in glycinergic neurotransmission, i.e., glycine receptor α and β subunits, collybistin, gephyrin, and glycine transporter 2. We clinically and genetically characterized two large, unrelated consanguineous families with hyperekplexia. Affected members of the two families manifested hyperekplexia with mild mental retardation. Patients exhibited a novel homozygote c.593G>C missense mutation in GLRA1, resulting in amino acid substitution p.W170S in the corresponding mature glycine receptor α1 subunit. This mutation was absent in 400 randomly selected chromosomes in the same population. In conclusion, a novel p.W170S mutation in the extracellular ligand binding domain of glycine receptor α1 subunit was detected in patients with hyperekplexia and mild mental retardation.

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