Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait

A. H. Al-Otaibi, D. Al-Ajmi, T. Williams, D. McGee, J. A. Dennis, M. U. Beg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A survey of the radio frequency electromagnetic environment in Kuwait was carried out. The primary purpose of this survey was to monitor electromagnetic radiation (EMR) field strength levels emitted by cellular base stations installed and operated by the Kuwait Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). Measurements were made at 26 cellular-phone base stations, chosen as a representative sample to include 14 school sites, 2 residential sites, 2 hospital sites, 3 ministerial building sites, 3 commercial sites and 1 typical stand-alone site. On all the selected sites measurements were made with a spectrum analyser to determine the emission level in the frequency bands used by the base station transmitters (917-960 MHz). The results indicated that total held strength, specifically due to the MTC base stations, found in public access areas, varied generally between 0.05 and 1.13 V.m-1. These values are in the order of between 40 and 800 times lower than the new pan-European CENELEC pre-standard ENV 50166-2 'Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields'. In terms of power density the highest observed value (0.34 μ W.m-2) was more than a thousand times below the prescribed standards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume80
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Kuwait
Electromagnetic Radiation
Telecommunications
Electromagnetic Fields
Base stations
Electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
stations
Cell Phones
Monitoring
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Radio
Telecommunication
telecommunication
radiation distribution
Electromagnetic fields
transmitters
Frequency bands
radiant flux density
Transmitters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiation

Cite this

Al-Otaibi, A. H., Al-Ajmi, D., Williams, T., McGee, D., Dennis, J. A., & Beg, M. U. (1998). Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 80(4), 397-404.

Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait. / Al-Otaibi, A. H.; Al-Ajmi, D.; Williams, T.; McGee, D.; Dennis, J. A.; Beg, M. U.

In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 80, No. 4, 1998, p. 397-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Otaibi, AH, Al-Ajmi, D, Williams, T, McGee, D, Dennis, JA & Beg, MU 1998, 'Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait', Radiation Protection Dosimetry, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 397-404.
Al-Otaibi, A. H. ; Al-Ajmi, D. ; Williams, T. ; McGee, D. ; Dennis, J. A. ; Beg, M. U. / Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait. In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 1998 ; Vol. 80, No. 4. pp. 397-404.
@article{b47ca544188841e48ed0fbaf9e2f30fd,
title = "Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait",
abstract = "A survey of the radio frequency electromagnetic environment in Kuwait was carried out. The primary purpose of this survey was to monitor electromagnetic radiation (EMR) field strength levels emitted by cellular base stations installed and operated by the Kuwait Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). Measurements were made at 26 cellular-phone base stations, chosen as a representative sample to include 14 school sites, 2 residential sites, 2 hospital sites, 3 ministerial building sites, 3 commercial sites and 1 typical stand-alone site. On all the selected sites measurements were made with a spectrum analyser to determine the emission level in the frequency bands used by the base station transmitters (917-960 MHz). The results indicated that total held strength, specifically due to the MTC base stations, found in public access areas, varied generally between 0.05 and 1.13 V.m-1. These values are in the order of between 40 and 800 times lower than the new pan-European CENELEC pre-standard ENV 50166-2 'Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields'. In terms of power density the highest observed value (0.34 μ W.m-2) was more than a thousand times below the prescribed standards.",
author = "Al-Otaibi, {A. H.} and D. Al-Ajmi and T. Williams and D. McGee and Dennis, {J. A.} and Beg, {M. U.}",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "397--404",
journal = "Radiation Protection Dosimetry",
issn = "0144-8420",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait

AU - Al-Otaibi, A. H.

AU - Al-Ajmi, D.

AU - Williams, T.

AU - McGee, D.

AU - Dennis, J. A.

AU - Beg, M. U.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - A survey of the radio frequency electromagnetic environment in Kuwait was carried out. The primary purpose of this survey was to monitor electromagnetic radiation (EMR) field strength levels emitted by cellular base stations installed and operated by the Kuwait Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). Measurements were made at 26 cellular-phone base stations, chosen as a representative sample to include 14 school sites, 2 residential sites, 2 hospital sites, 3 ministerial building sites, 3 commercial sites and 1 typical stand-alone site. On all the selected sites measurements were made with a spectrum analyser to determine the emission level in the frequency bands used by the base station transmitters (917-960 MHz). The results indicated that total held strength, specifically due to the MTC base stations, found in public access areas, varied generally between 0.05 and 1.13 V.m-1. These values are in the order of between 40 and 800 times lower than the new pan-European CENELEC pre-standard ENV 50166-2 'Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields'. In terms of power density the highest observed value (0.34 μ W.m-2) was more than a thousand times below the prescribed standards.

AB - A survey of the radio frequency electromagnetic environment in Kuwait was carried out. The primary purpose of this survey was to monitor electromagnetic radiation (EMR) field strength levels emitted by cellular base stations installed and operated by the Kuwait Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). Measurements were made at 26 cellular-phone base stations, chosen as a representative sample to include 14 school sites, 2 residential sites, 2 hospital sites, 3 ministerial building sites, 3 commercial sites and 1 typical stand-alone site. On all the selected sites measurements were made with a spectrum analyser to determine the emission level in the frequency bands used by the base station transmitters (917-960 MHz). The results indicated that total held strength, specifically due to the MTC base stations, found in public access areas, varied generally between 0.05 and 1.13 V.m-1. These values are in the order of between 40 and 800 times lower than the new pan-European CENELEC pre-standard ENV 50166-2 'Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields'. In terms of power density the highest observed value (0.34 μ W.m-2) was more than a thousand times below the prescribed standards.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032422995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032422995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032422995

VL - 80

SP - 397

EP - 404

JO - Radiation Protection Dosimetry

JF - Radiation Protection Dosimetry

SN - 0144-8420

IS - 4

ER -