Melatonin modulates the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance during N-nitrosodiethylamine induced hepatocarcinogenensis in rats

K. B. Dakshayani, P. Subramanian, T. Manivasagam, M. Mohamed Essa, S. Manoharan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Melatonin, the principle hormone of pineal gland plays an important role in several biological processes. The effects of melatonin on hepatic marker enzymes [aspartate and alanine transaminases (AST and ALT)], lipid peroxides [thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS)] and antioxidants [reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST)] during N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) - induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats were studied. Methods: Male albino Wistar rats of body weight 150-170 g were divided into four groups of six animals each. Group I animals served as control, Group II animals received single intraperitoneal injection of NDEA at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight followed by weekly subcutaneous injections of CC14 at a dose of 3 mL/kg body weight. Group III animals were treated as in Group II and melatonin (5 mg/kg body weight) was administered intraperitoneally. Group IV animals received melatonin alone at the same dose as Group III animals. Results: A significant increase in the activities of serum AST and ALT was observed in NDEA treated rats when compared with control animals. Melatonin administered rats showed a significant decrease in the activities of these enzymes when compared with NDEA treated animals. In the liver of NDEA-treated animals, decreased lipid peroxidation associated with enhanced antioxidant levels was observed. Administration of melatonin positively modulated these changes. Conclusion: Our results indicate that melatonin exerts chemopreventive effect by restoring the activities of hepatic marker enzymes and reversing the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance during NDEA-induced hepatocarcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-321
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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Diethylnitrosamine
Melatonin
Oxidants
Antioxidants
Body Weight
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Alanine Transaminase
Liver
Enzymes
Biological Phenomena
Pineal Gland
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Lipid Peroxides
Subcutaneous Injections
Glutathione Peroxidase
Glutathione Transferase
Intraperitoneal Injections
Lipid Peroxidation
Glutathione
Wistar Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Melatonin modulates the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance during N-nitrosodiethylamine induced hepatocarcinogenensis in rats. / Dakshayani, K. B.; Subramanian, P.; Manivasagam, T.; Mohamed Essa, M.; Manoharan, S.

In: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 2, 05.2005, p. 316-321.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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