Litho-structural mapping and structural evolution of the Bocaranga pluton, northwest Adamawa-Yadé domain, Central African Republic

Rodrigue Martial Topien*, Gaetan Moloto-A-Kenguemba, Mamadou Traore, Sankaran Rajendran, Brice Roland Kouassi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Bocaranga pluton, in the northern domain of the Central African Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in the Central African Republic (CAR), is located in the Adamawa-Yadé domain, near the Mbéré Shear Zone (MBSZ). This study provides new results of the satellite image processing, the detailed structural and petrographic studies of Bocaranga pluton which helps to understand the emplacement mechanism of this pluton. Image processing of the satellite data and field showed the occurrence and spatial distribution of (1) amphibole-pyroxenites, (2) garnet-biotite rich amphibolite, (3) migmatite, (4) hornblende-biotite and hornblende-garnet gneiss, (5) hornblende-biotite granite (HBG), (6) two micas granite (TMG), (7) fine-grained biotite granite (FBG), and (8) coarse-grained biotite granite (CBG) rock types. The mapping of regional lineaments was carried out by automatic and manual lineament extraction methods. NE-SW direction corresponds to the direction of S2 and S3 foliations, faults, mineral lineation, quartz vein, dyke (aplitic granitic or pegmatitic). NW-SE direction also corresponds to the direction of S1 foliation, F1 folds, faults, quartz veins, dykes (aplitic granitic or pegmatitic). In the absence of absolute geochronological data in study area, it has been possible to propose a polyphase structural evolution, deduced from the relative chronology of the Bocaranga granitoid. Three phases of deformation can be defined in this study. D1 phase is represented by early NW-SE trending foliation (S1) that has been progressively rotated parallel to S2 overprinting foliation occurring in gneiss, amphibolites and hornblende-biotite granite (HBG) intrusion as well. D2 phase of ductile sinistral sense from NE-SW to ENE-WSW is responsible for an emplacement of Bocaranga granitic pluton. The scarcity of structure orientation in the TMG and FBG (except the contact zones), would imply that these granites would have been crystallized in the absence of any stress. D3 is a phase of brittle deformation with three main directions corresponding to the main direction of the shear zones in the Northern domain of the CAR Pan-African fold belt. The mylonitic deformation observed in study area illustrates the intensity of the deformation. The dominance of ellipsoidal structures observed in Bocaranga area suggests that the shear mechanism is the main controlling structure of Bocaranga granite emplacement, which can be correlated with the emplacement of Tamkoro-Bossangoa granitoid in CAR and the Adamawa-Yadé domain in Cameroon, Chad and NE Brazil. These results imply a syntectonic emplacement of Bocaranga pluton during sinistral simple shear regime related to deformation along the Central Cameroon Shear Zone (CCSZ).

Original languageEnglish
Article number104793
JournalJournal of African Earth Sciences
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adamawa-Yadé
  • Bocaranga pluton
  • Central African Republic
  • Ductile shear zone
  • Landsat mapping
  • Pan-African
  • Petrography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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