Least squares self-coherence for sub-nGal signal detection in the superconducting gravimeter records

Mahmoud Abd El-Gelil*, Spiros Pagiatakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we use superconducting gravimeter (SG) data recorded at three stations of the global geodynamics project (GGP) network, with good geographical distribution, to search for possible significant peaks in the gravity spectrum that are in the assumed period range of the Slichter triplet. Seven-year long series from Cantley (Canada), and four-year long series from both Canberra (Australia) and Moxa (Germany) stations are used. First, a solid Earth and ocean tide model is subtracted from the data, followed by a local atmospheric pressure correction based on a frequency-, and location-dependent admittance estimated by the least squares response method. Subsequently, the residual series are filtered with a Parzen-based bandpass filter with a passband (12 h-78 s). A sub-nGal detection level is confirmed by injecting an artificial sine wave of different amplitudes. The Least Squares Self-Coherency spectrum shows the existence of many apparently statistically significant peaks at the 95% confidence level in the band (3-8 h). Although a few peaks are close to the claimed Slichter periods in previous research, the large number of candidate peaks may be related to other mechanisms such as global pressure variations, or hydrology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-315
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geodynamics
Issue number3-5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009


  • Least squares self-coherence
  • Least squares spectrum
  • Slichter mode
  • Superconducting gravimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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