Latent tuberculosis in health care workers exposed to active tuberculosis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman

Faryal Khamis, Adil Al-Lawati, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Seif Al-Abri, Jaleelah Al-Naamani, Harith Al-Harthi, Amina Al-Jardani, Aliya Al-Harthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Data on the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in healthcare workers (HCW) in Oman and the Arabian Gulf is scarce. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis (LTB) among HCW exposed to active TB in one of the tertiary care hospitals in Muscat. Methods: Exposed HCW were screened for LTB from January to June 2012 using skin tuberculin and serum interferon tests. Candidates were followed-up for a total of nine months. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Results: A total of 371 exposed HCW were involved in the study. The incidence of LTB in exposed HCW was 33.2% (n = 123). Almost 54% (66/123) of the HCW started treatment and only 42.4% (28/66) completed the full nine-month treatment course. Conclusions: The high prevalence of LTBI in exposed HCW merits further evaluation of the screening and treatment programs in the country. Future countrywide studies are warranted to provide more precise statistics on the prevalence and management of this public health issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Oman
Latent Tuberculosis
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Tuberculosis
Delivery of Health Care
Tuberculin
Interferons
Public Health
Skin
Incidence
Serum

Keywords

  • Health personnel
  • Interferon-gamma release assays
  • Latent tuberculosis
  • Oman
  • Prevalence
  • Tuberculin test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Latent tuberculosis in health care workers exposed to active tuberculosis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman. / Khamis, Faryal; Al-Lawati, Adil; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Al-Abri, Seif; Al-Naamani, Jaleelah; Al-Harthi, Harith; Al-Jardani, Amina; Al-Harthi, Aliya.

In: Oman Medical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 298-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khamis, F, Al-Lawati, A, Al-Zakwani, I, Al-Abri, S, Al-Naamani, J, Al-Harthi, H, Al-Jardani, A & Al-Harthi, A 2016, 'Latent tuberculosis in health care workers exposed to active tuberculosis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman', Oman Medical Journal, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 298-303. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2016.57
Khamis, Faryal ; Al-Lawati, Adil ; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim ; Al-Abri, Seif ; Al-Naamani, Jaleelah ; Al-Harthi, Harith ; Al-Jardani, Amina ; Al-Harthi, Aliya. / Latent tuberculosis in health care workers exposed to active tuberculosis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman. In: Oman Medical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 298-303.
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