Isolation of Cellulose from Wheat Straw Using Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide and Acidified Sodium Chlorite Treatments: Comparison of Yield and Properties

Umair Qasim, Zulfiqar Ali, Muhammad Shahid Nazir, Sadaf Ul Hassan, Sikander Rafiq, Farrukh Jamil*, Ala'A H. Al-Muhtaseb, Muzaffar Ali, Muhammad Bilal Khan Niazi, Nasir M. Ahmad, Sami Ullah, Ahmad Mukhtar, Sidra Saqib

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental concerns due to excessive use of synthetic or petroleum-based materials have encouraged scientists to develop novel, sustainable, and multifunctional material using abundant lignocellulosic biomass. In this work, a study was conducted on the isolation of cellulose from wheat straw using two different methods: acidified sodium chlorite and alkaline hydrogen peroxide. A comparative study was carried out based on the yield and properties of extracted cellulose. The final product (after treatments) was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) for the identification of properties. Both the treatments isolated pure white color cellulose. However, the yield of cellulose isolated through acidified sodium chlorite treatment (81.4%) was higher than alkaline hydrogen peroxide treatment (79%). Moreover, no huge difference was observed in the crystallinity and thermal properties of extracted cellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9765950
JournalAdvances in Polymer Technology
Volume2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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