Influence of Music on Preoperative Anxiety and Physiologic Parameters in Women Undergoing Gynecologic Surgery

Leodoro J. Labrague, Denise M. McEnroe-Petitte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to determine the influence of music on anxiety levels and physiologic parameters in women undergoing gynecologic surgery. This study employed a pre- and posttest experimental design with nonrandom assignment. Ninety-seven women undergoing gynecologic surgery were included in the study, where 49 were allocated to the control group (nonmusic group) and 48 were assigned to the experimental group (music group). Preoperative anxiety was measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) while noninvasive instruments were used in measuring the patients’ physiologic parameters (blood pressure [BP], pulse [P], and respiration [R]) at two time periods. Women allocated in the experimental group had lower STAI scores (t = 17.41, p >.05), systolic (t = 6.45, p >.05) and diastolic (t = 2.80, p >.006) BP, and P rate (PR; t = 7.32, p >.05) than in the control group. This study provides empirical evidence to support the use of music during the preoperative period in reducing anxiety and unpleasant symptoms in women undergoing gynecologic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-173
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Nursing Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016



  • anxiety
  • gynecologic surgery
  • music therapy
  • physiologic parameters
  • State Trait Anxiety Inventory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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