Hybrid modelling and kinetic estimation for polystyrene batch reactor using Artificial Neutral Network (ANN) approach

Mohammad Anwar Hosen, Mohd Azlan Hussain, Farouq S. Mjalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modelling polymerization processes involves considerable uncertainties due to the intricate polymerization reaction mechanism involved. The complex reaction kinetics results in highly nonlinear process dynamics. Available conventional models are limited in applicability and cannot describe accurately the actual physico-chemical characteristics of the reactor dynamics. The usual practice for operating polymerization reactors is to optimize the reactor temperature profile because the end use properties of the product polymer depend highly on temperature. However, to obtain accurate models in order to optimize the temperature profile, the kinetic parameters (i.e. frequency factors and activation energies) for a specific reactor must be determined accurately. Kinetic parameters vary considerably in batch reactors because of its high sensitivity to other reactor design and operational variables such as agitator geometry and speed, gel effects, heating systems, etc. In this work, the kinetic parameters were estimated for a styrene-free radical polymerization conducted in an experimental batch reactor system using a nonlinear least squares optimization algorithm. The estimated kinetic parameters were correlated with respect to reactor operating variables including initial reactor temperature (To), initial initiator concentration (Io) and heat duty (Q) using artificial neural network (ANN) techniques. The ANN kinetic model was then utilized in combination with the conventional mechanistic model. The experimental validation of the model revealed that the new model has high prediction capabilities compared withother reported models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-287
Number of pages14
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • artificial neural network
  • kinetic parameters
  • modelling polymerization reactor
  • optimization
  • parameter estimation
  • polystyrene batch reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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