Historic gardens can attract more visitors by the provision of more facilities: A case study of Three Mughal gardens of Pakistan

Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Qasim, Muhammad Mumtaz Khan, Tanvir Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A survey was conducted to record the views of visitors of three purposefully selected historic Mughal gardens of Pakistan to evaluate the available facilities and to develop guidelines for their improvement if desired. Two hundred visitors were interviewed to generate required information. Majority of the visitors (61.5%) were unsatisfied with the existing facilities. Reasons ascribed to dissatisfaction by the visitors were inadequate overall management of gardens, non-availability of quality food items at canteens, poor quality of utilities, recreational opportunities, security measures, behavior and guidance of employees, parking facility and cleanliness. Most of the visitors demanded certain facilities such as the presence of library (8.5%), bookshop (3%) and antique shop (3.5%). Significant differences in perceptions were recorded among various demographic groups of the visitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017



  • Historic gardens
  • Landscape
  • Mughal gardens
  • Shalamar garden

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this