Guar gum and its composites as potential materials for diverse applications: A review

Gaurav Sharma*, Shweta Sharma, Amit Kumar, Ala Al-Muhtaseb, Mu Naushad, Ayman A. Ghfar, Genene Tessema Mola, Florian J. Stadler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Naturally occurring polymers are currently of prime importance among which polysaccharides occupies superior position due to their easy availability, eco- friendly and non-toxic nature. Guar gum, one of the naturally occurring polymer, is a galactomannan acquired by ground endosperm of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus or Cyamopsis psoraloides. It belongs to the family leguminosae. Presence of large number of hydroxyl groups increases its H- bonding ability when dissolved in water that enhance the viscosity and gelling properties of the guar gum solution. Based upon these properties, guar gum is used in several industries such as textile, food, petrochemical, mining and paper for varied applications. It is used as suspending, emulsifying, gelling and stabilising agent in the conventional dosage forms. Last few decades have marked the increase in development of various composites of guar gum that have intrinsic utilization in various fields. Immobilization of guar gum with the others not only enhances its properties but also enriches its utilization in numerous fields for diverse applications such as water purification, drug delivery, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries, etc. Guar gum derivatives are found to have therapeutic importance in certain physiological disorders also. In this review article, we have summarized various possible composites of guar gum and their most probable applications in different fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-545
Number of pages12
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Guar gum
  • Hydrogel
  • Nanocomposite
  • Non- toxic
  • Polysaccharide
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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