## Abstract

Vertices of the four-dimensional (4D) semi-regular polytope, the grand antiprism and its symmetry group of order 400 are represented in terms of quaternions with unit norm. It follows from the icosian representation of the E _{8} root system which decomposes into two copies of the root system of H _{4}. The symmetry of the grand antiprism is a maximal subgroup of the Coxeter group W(H _{4}). It is the group Aut(H _{2} ⊕ H′ _{2}) which is constructed in terms of 20 quaternionic roots of the Coxeter diagram H _{2} ⊕ H′ _{2}. The root system of H _{4} represented by the binary icosahedral group I of order 120, constitutes the regular 4D polytope 600-cell. When its 20 quaternionic vertices corresponding to the roots of the diagram H _{2} ⊕ H′ _{2} are removed from the vertices of the 600-cell the remaining 100 quaternions constitute the vertices of the grand antiprism. We give a detailed analysis of the construction of the cells of the grand antiprism in terms of quaternions. The dual polytope of the grand antiprism has also been constructed.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 495201 |

Journal | Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical |

Volume | 42 |

Issue number | 49 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2009 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Statistics and Probability