Finite element analysis of concrete bridge slabs reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer bars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Due to their non-corrosive nature, high strength and light weight, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) are being widely used as reinforcement in concrete bridges, especially those in harsh environments. The current design methods of concrete deck slabs in most bridge design codes assume a flexural behavior under traffic wheel loads. The load carrying capacities of concrete bridge deck slabs, however, are greatly enhanced due to the arching action effect developed by lateral restraints. This study presents the results of a non-linear finite element (FE) investigation that predicts the performance of FRP reinforced concrete (RC) deck slabs. The FE investigation is divided into two main parts: a calibration study and a parametric study. In the calibration study, the validity and accuracy of the FE model were verified against experimental test results of concrete slabs reinforced with glass and carbon FRP bars. In the parametric study, the effect of some key parameters influencing the performance of FRP-RC deck slabs bars was investigated. These parameters include the FRP reinforcement ratio, concrete compressive strength, slab thickness and span-to-depth ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-63
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Engineering Research
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Concrete bridges
Finite element method
Fibers
Polymers
Reinforced concrete
Reinforcement
Calibration
Concretes
Concrete slabs
Bridge decks
Load limits
Glass fibers
Compressive strength
Carbon fibers
Wheels

Keywords

  • Bridge deck slabs
  • Compressive strength
  • Concrete
  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Finite element analysis
  • Reinforcement ratio
  • Span to depth ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Finite element analysis of concrete bridge slabs reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer bars",
abstract = "Due to their non-corrosive nature, high strength and light weight, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) are being widely used as reinforcement in concrete bridges, especially those in harsh environments. The current design methods of concrete deck slabs in most bridge design codes assume a flexural behavior under traffic wheel loads. The load carrying capacities of concrete bridge deck slabs, however, are greatly enhanced due to the arching action effect developed by lateral restraints. This study presents the results of a non-linear finite element (FE) investigation that predicts the performance of FRP reinforced concrete (RC) deck slabs. The FE investigation is divided into two main parts: a calibration study and a parametric study. In the calibration study, the validity and accuracy of the FE model were verified against experimental test results of concrete slabs reinforced with glass and carbon FRP bars. In the parametric study, the effect of some key parameters influencing the performance of FRP-RC deck slabs bars was investigated. These parameters include the FRP reinforcement ratio, concrete compressive strength, slab thickness and span-to-depth ratio.",
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