Field appraisal of seed priming to improve the growth, yield, and quality of direct seeded rice

Hafeez Ur Rehman, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra, Muhammad Farooq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poor crop stand and high weed infestation are the major constraints of direct seeded rice. Seed priming has the potential to improve the seedling emergence and crop stand. T is study was conducted to evaluate the on-farm assessment of direct seeded rice by employing different priming techniques such as on-farm priming, hydro priming, hardening, and osmohardening with CaCl2 and KCl. Untreated seeds were taken as control. Among all the seed priming techniques, osmohardening with CaCl2 improved the stand establishment, allometric response, agronomic traits, yield, and quality of harvested paddy compared with other priming techniques, and non-primed control in direct seeded culture. Improved crop stand as indicated by lower values of time to emergence and higher values for emergence index and f nal emergence, higher crop growth rate, and improved plant height, tiller numbers, and straw and kernel yield with high harvest index were recorded from osmohardening with CaCl2. In addition, seed priming treatments also improved the kernel quality. Osmohardening with CaCl2 was the best way to reduce sterile spikelets, abortive and chalky kernels, and improve kernel length. However, none of the seed priming techniques could improve the number of kernels per branch, 1000-kernel weight, kernel width, and kernel water absorption ratio. Moreover, improved phosphorus, calcium, and potassium contents were also observed from osmohardening with CaCl2 followed by KCL. Osmohardening with CaCl2 can therefore be employed for better crop stand, growth, yield, and quality in direct seeded rice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
JournalTurk Tarim ve Ormancilik Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Direct seeded rice
  • Field appraisal
  • Quality
  • Seed priming
  • Stand establishment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Ecology

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