Macroscopic ferro- (F) and antiferromagnetic (AF) exchange couplings-A12M1.M2 between a planar GdFeCo film 1 and a perpendicular anisotropy DyFeCo film 2 have been investigated from the magnetization processes of the bilayer as observed from Faraday rotation measurements. Whatever the F or AF coupling, the microscopic exchange interaction between the rare-earths and the transition metals at the interface induces mutual effects with a reduction of the coercivity Hc2 and the squareness Mr2/Ms2 of the » perpendicular « layer and a reduction of the saturation field Hs1, but an increase of the coercivity Hc1 of the planar layer. Experiments performed in single planar and perpendicular layers and in both pseudo F and AF bilayers are in agreement with our theoretical model which gives the possibility to deduce the macroscopic exchange constant A12.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering