Fe-bearing phases in a ureilite fragment from the asteroid 2008 TC3 (= Almahata Sitta meteorites)

A combined Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction study

Abbasher M. Gismelseed, Yassir A. Abdu, Muawia H. Shaddad, Harish C. Verma, Peter Jenniskens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The iron-bearing phases in a ureilite fragment (AS#051) from the Almahata Sitta meteorite are studied using Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and electron microprobe analysis (EMPA). AS#051 has a typical ureilite texture of medium- to coarse-grained silicates (olivine, orthopyroxene, and pigeonite) with minor opaques (Fe-Ni metal, troilite, and graphite). The silicate compositions, determined by EMPA, are homogeneous: olivine (Fo90.2), orthopyroxene (En86.3Fs8.6Wo5.1), and pigeonite (En81.6Fs8.9Wo9.5), and are similar to those of magnesian ureilites. The modal abundance of mineral phases was determined by Rietveld refinement of the powder XRD data. The Mössbauer spectra at 295 K and 78 K are composed of two sharp well-defined paramagnetic doublets superimposed on a well-resolved magnetic sextet and other weak absorption features. The two paramagnetic doublets are assigned to olivine and pyroxene (orthopyroxene and pigeonite), and the ferromagnetic sextet to kamacite (magnetic hyperfine field ≈ 33.2 T), in agreement with the XRD characterization. The Mössbauer results also show the presence of small amounts of troilite (FeS) and cohenite ([Fe,Ni,Co]3C). Using the Mössbauer data, the relative abundance of each Fe-bearing phase is determined and compared with the results obtained by XRD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1493
Number of pages9
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

ureilite
meteorites
asteroids
pigeonite
asteroid
meteorite
orthopyroxene
spectroscopy
X-ray diffraction
olivine
fragments
troilite
diffraction
electron probe analysis
cohenite
silicates
ureilites
x rays
silicate
kamacite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Fe-bearing phases in a ureilite fragment from the asteroid 2008 TC3 (= Almahata Sitta meteorites) : A combined Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction study. / Gismelseed, Abbasher M.; Abdu, Yassir A.; Shaddad, Muawia H.; Verma, Harish C.; Jenniskens, Peter.

In: Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 49, No. 8, 2014, p. 1485-1493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The iron-bearing phases in a ureilite fragment (AS#051) from the Almahata Sitta meteorite are studied using M{\"o}ssbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and electron microprobe analysis (EMPA). AS#051 has a typical ureilite texture of medium- to coarse-grained silicates (olivine, orthopyroxene, and pigeonite) with minor opaques (Fe-Ni metal, troilite, and graphite). The silicate compositions, determined by EMPA, are homogeneous: olivine (Fo90.2), orthopyroxene (En86.3Fs8.6Wo5.1), and pigeonite (En81.6Fs8.9Wo9.5), and are similar to those of magnesian ureilites. The modal abundance of mineral phases was determined by Rietveld refinement of the powder XRD data. The M{\"o}ssbauer spectra at 295 K and 78 K are composed of two sharp well-defined paramagnetic doublets superimposed on a well-resolved magnetic sextet and other weak absorption features. The two paramagnetic doublets are assigned to olivine and pyroxene (orthopyroxene and pigeonite), and the ferromagnetic sextet to kamacite (magnetic hyperfine field ≈ 33.2 T), in agreement with the XRD characterization. The M{\"o}ssbauer results also show the presence of small amounts of troilite (FeS) and cohenite ([Fe,Ni,Co]3C). Using the M{\"o}ssbauer data, the relative abundance of each Fe-bearing phase is determined and compared with the results obtained by XRD.",
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