Facile Synthesis and Life Cycle Assessment of Highly Active Magnetic Sorbent Composite Derived from Mixed Plastic and Biomass Waste for Water Remediation

Ahmed I. Osman*, Ahmed M. Elgarahy, Neha Mehta, Ala'A H. Al-Muhtaseb, Ahmed S. Al-Fatesh, David W. Rooney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plastic and biomass waste pose a serious environmental risk; thus, herein, we mixed biomass waste with plastic bottle waste (PET) to produce char composite materials for producing a magnetic char composite for better separation when used in water treatment applications. This study also calculated the life cycle environmental impacts of the preparation of adsorbent material for 11 different indicator categories. For 1 functional unit (1 kg of pomace leaves as feedstock), abiotic depletion of fossil fuels and global warming potential were quantified as 7.17 MJ and 0.63 kg CO2 equiv for production of magnetic char composite materials. The magnetic char composite material (MPBC) was then used to remove crystal violet dye from its aqueous solution under various operational parameters. The kinetics and isotherm statistical theories showed that the sorption of CV dye onto MPBC was governed by pseudo-second-order, and Langmuir models, respectively. The quantitative assessment of sorption capacity clarifies that the produced MPBC exhibited an admirable ability of 256.41 mg g-1. Meanwhile, the recyclability of 92.4% of MPBC was demonstrated after 5 adsorption/desorption cycles. Findings from this study will inspire more sustainable and cost-effective production of magnetic sorbents, including those derived from combined plastic and biomass waste streams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12433-12447
Number of pages15
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume10
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 19 2022

Keywords

  • Adsorbent
  • Biomass waste
  • Circular economy
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Magnetic sorbent
  • Plastic waste
  • Water remediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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