Facies analysis and distribution of Late Palaeogene deep-water massive sandstones in submarine-fan lobes, NW Borneo

Muhammad Jamil*, Numair Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Usman, Ali Wahid, Muhammad Umar, Nisar Ahmed, Izhar Ul Haq, Mohamed A.K. El-Ghali, Qazi Sohail Imran, Abdul Hadi Abd Rahman, Shiqi Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Deep-water massive sandstones (DWMS) are characterized by large volumes of sand accumulations which are considered as potential reservoir intervals in deep-marine environments. Lithological variations and bed thickness statistics are used to interpret the distribution of massive sandstones in a deep-marine fan-lobe system. These massive sandstones are interpreted based on lithological heterogeneities and detailed facies analysis in seventeen exposed sections of the Late Palaeogene deposits in Sabah, NW Borneo. Sedimentary logs containing details of lithology textures and structures were used to recognize nine sedimentary facies of DWMS. These lithofacies were then grouped into three sedimentary facies associations: (1) massive facies association with basal part of turbiditic Bouma sequence, (2) massive facies association having soft-sediment deformation structures, and (3) massive facies association with erosional features. The facies analysis portrays inner to middle submarine fan deposition and was later applied to reconstruct the distribution of a channel-lobe complex. Individual sandstone bed thicknesses vary from 1 m to more than 8 m and the number of massive sandstones in submarine lobes range from less than 10% to more than 50%. The thicknesses of massive sandstones in channels are more than 8 m, whereas distal lobes have thicknesses from 1–2 m only. These sandstones are concentrated in channels, proximal and medial lobe settings that can also be verified from calculating the average of all maximum thickness of massive sand intervals that is, 8.91 m. The lithological heterogeneities and the processes associated with the deposition of these massive sandstones are vital for potential hydrocarbon reservoirs in the deep-marine environments around the globe.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeological Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • bed thickness statistics
  • channel-lobe complex
  • Crocker submarine fan
  • deep-water massive sandstones
  • facies analysis and facies association
  • NW Borneo
  • West Sabah Basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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