Experimental study of an inverted absorber solar still

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab, Ali M. Al-Damkhi, Hilal Al-Hinai, Rahul Dev, G. N. Tiwari

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this communication, an experiment based study of an inverted absorber solar still (IASS) conducted in Muscat, Oman is presented. An IASS is an improved design of a single slope solar still with a curved reflector under the basin. This arrangement helps in more heating of the basin of a solar still from both sides (i.e. top and bottom surfaces) directly and indirectly. The reflector under the basin adds additional heat to increase temperatures of the basin, water and condensing glass cover than that of a conventional single slope solar still. Experimental results show that the productivity of an inverted absorber solar still is more than 3.5 l/m2 in duration of 12 h, i.e. 7:00 AM-7:00 PM. It is also found that IASS is not capable of holding thermal energy for long duration after 16:00. The thermal storage is lost to ambient through incased air under the basin when the amount of reflected solar radiation reduces. Hence, it is recommended to have an insulation layer under the basin to utilize thermal storage occurred during the day for the evaporation to get more yield per day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-254
Number of pages6
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume19
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Keywords

  • Inverted absorber solar still
  • Productivity
  • Solar distillation
  • Thermal performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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