Water stress or more specifically drought assessment plays a key role in water management, especially in extreme climate conditions. Basically, globally gridded satellite-based precipitation products are potential sources of data as alternatives for ground-based measurements. However, for a reliable application, they should be evaluated in different regions. In this paper, two satellite-based rainfall products, namely Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA)-Land and Global Land Data Assimilation System-2 (GLDAS-2), have been evaluated against ground-based observations in terms of precipitation and their application for drought analysis. At first, the coarse-resolution MERRA-Land is downscaled to the finer resolution of interest for better comparison. After comparison of these datasets against ground-based observations in terms of precipitation, it is concluded that MERRA-Land can better estimate precipitation. Then, the nonparametric SPIs at various timescales are derived to analyze how well MERRA-Land performs in drought monitoring. Different categorical and statistical error indices are used to assess the efficiency of MERRA-Land in capturing drought events. The results revealed that the downscaled MERRA-Land data can properly detect short-term and mid-term drought events known as agricultural and meteorological droughts throughout the study area, respectively. In addition, drought maps show that the majority of lands experience mid-term scale drought which are in agreement with ground-based observations. The methodology adopted in this study can be applied in areas lacking in rain-gauge stations which significantly extend current capabilities for drought monitoring and early warning systems.
- Satellite-based product
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology
- Atmospheric Science
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)