Evaluation of culture-based techniques and 454 pyrosequencing for the analysis of fungal diversity in potting media and organic fertilizers

Abdullah M. Al-Sadi, S. S. Al-Mazroui, A. J L Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Potting media and organic fertilizers (OFs) are commonly used in agricultural systems. However, there is a lack of studies on the efficiency of culture-based techniques in assessing the level of fungal diversity in these products. A study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of seven culture-based techniques and pyrosequencing for characterizing fungal diversity in potting media and OFs. Methods and Results: Fungal diversity was evaluated using serial dilution, direct plating and baiting with carrot slices, potato slices, radish seeds, cucumber seeds and cucumber cotyledons. Identity of all the isolates was confirmed on the basis of the internal transcribed spacer region of the ribosomal RNA (ITS rRNA) sequence data. The direct plating technique was found to be superior over other culture-based techniques in the number of fungal species detected. It was also found to be simple and the least time consuming technique. Comparing the efficiency of direct plating with 454 pyrosequencing revealed that pyrosequencing detected 12 and 15 times more fungal species from potting media and OFs respectively. Analysis revealed that there were differences between potting media and OFs in the dominant phyla, classes, orders, families, genera and species detected. Zygomycota (52%) and Chytridiomycota (60%) were the predominant phyla in potting media and OFs respectively. Conclusions: The superiority of pyrosequencing over cultural methods could be related to the ability to detect obligate fungi, slow growing fungi and fungi that exist at low population densities. Significance and Impact of the Study: The evaluated methods in this study, especially direct plating and pyrosequencing, may be used as tools to help detect and reduce movement of unwanted fungi between countries and regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-509
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Culture Techniques
Fertilizers
Fungi
Cucumis sativus
Seeds
Chytridiomycota
Raphanus
Daucus carota
Cotyledon
Solanum tuberosum
Population Density

Keywords

  • Ascomycota
  • Baiting
  • Basidiomycota
  • Chytridiomycetes
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Plating
  • Sordariomycetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Evaluation of culture-based techniques and 454 pyrosequencing for the analysis of fungal diversity in potting media and organic fertilizers. / Al-Sadi, Abdullah M.; Al-Mazroui, S. S.; Phillips, A. J L.

In: Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 119, No. 2, 01.08.2015, p. 500-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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