Epidemiology, characteristics and outcome of children hospitalized with COVID-19 in Oman: A multicenter cohort study

Laila S Al Yazidi*, Zaid Al Hinai, Badriya Al Waili, Hilal Al Hashami, Mohammed Al Reesi, Farhana Al Othmani, Balqees Al Noobi, Nuha Al Tahir, Nagi Elsidig, Lamya Al Barwani, Ibrahim Al Busaidi, Bushra Al Jabri, Abdullah Al Qayoudhi, Amal Al Maani, Nawal Al-Maskari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory features, and outcome of children hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Middle East.

METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of children hospitalized with COVID-19 in 7 centers across Oman between February and July 2020.

RESULTS: In total, 56 children <14 years old required hospitalization in 7 Omani centers over 5 months (February - July 2020). Thirty-seven (68%) children were admitted with uncomplicated COVID-19, 13 (23%) with pneumonia and 5 (9%) with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. Infants constituted 41% of cases (23/56), approximately half of whom (12/23, 52%) were <2-months old. Fever was the most common symptom (46, 82%), followed by respiratory symptoms (33, 59%), and gastrointestinal symptoms (31, 55%). Twenty-two (39%) children had underlying medical conditions: sickle cell disease (7, 13%), chronic respiratory disease (4, 7%) and severe neurological impairment (4, 7%). Leukocytosis, elevated inflammatory markers and anemia were independently associated with intensive care admission. There were no mortalities related to admission with COVID-19 in this cohort.

CONCLUSION: Most of the children hospitalized with COVID-19 had a mild course and a satisfactory outcome. Sickle cell disease is the most common comorbidity associated with pediatric admission of COVID-19 in Oman.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-660
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • COVID-19/complications
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Oman/epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • SARS-CoV-2

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