Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary

Tamás Bakonyi, Károly Erdélyi, Krisztina Ursu, Emoke Ferenczi, Tibor Csörgo, Helga Lussy, Sonja Chvala, Christiane Bukovsky, Tanja Meister, Herbert Weissenböck, Norbert Nowotny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 2001, Usutu virus (USUV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Japanese encephalitis virus serogroup related to West Nile virus and previously restricted to sub-Saharan Africa, emerged in wild and zoo birds in and around Vienna, Austria. In order to monitor the spread of the infection, a dead bird surveillance program was established in Austria and in neighboring Hungary. In Hungary, 332 dead birds belonging to 52 species were tested for USUV infection between 2003 and 2006. In the first 2 years, all birds investigated were negative. In August 2005, however, USUV was detected in organ samples of a blackbird (Turdus merula), which was found dead in Budapest, Hungary, by reverse transcription-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization. In July and August 2006, a further six dead blackbirds tested positive for USUV, and the virus was isolated from organ samples of one bird. These birds were also found in urban areas of Budapest. The nearly complete genomic sequence of one Hungarian USUV strain was determined; it was found to share 99.9% identity with the strain that has been circulating in Austria since 2001. This result indicates that the USUV strain responsible for the blackbird die-off in Budapest most likely spread from Austria to Hungary instead of being independently introduced from Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3870-3874
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

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Hungary
Birds
Viruses
Austria
Japanese Encephalitis Virus
Austria-Hungary
Flavivirus
West Nile virus
Africa South of the Sahara
Virus Diseases
Culicidae
Reverse Transcription
In Situ Hybridization
Immunohistochemistry
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Bakonyi, T., Erdélyi, K., Ursu, K., Ferenczi, E., Csörgo, T., Lussy, H., ... Nowotny, N. (2007). Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 45(12), 3870-3874. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01390-07

Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary. / Bakonyi, Tamás; Erdélyi, Károly; Ursu, Krisztina; Ferenczi, Emoke; Csörgo, Tibor; Lussy, Helga; Chvala, Sonja; Bukovsky, Christiane; Meister, Tanja; Weissenböck, Herbert; Nowotny, Norbert.

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol. 45, No. 12, 12.2007, p. 3870-3874.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bakonyi, T, Erdélyi, K, Ursu, K, Ferenczi, E, Csörgo, T, Lussy, H, Chvala, S, Bukovsky, C, Meister, T, Weissenböck, H & Nowotny, N 2007, 'Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 3870-3874. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01390-07
Bakonyi T, Erdélyi K, Ursu K, Ferenczi E, Csörgo T, Lussy H et al. Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2007 Dec;45(12):3870-3874. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01390-07
Bakonyi, Tamás ; Erdélyi, Károly ; Ursu, Krisztina ; Ferenczi, Emoke ; Csörgo, Tibor ; Lussy, Helga ; Chvala, Sonja ; Bukovsky, Christiane ; Meister, Tanja ; Weissenböck, Herbert ; Nowotny, Norbert. / Emergence of usutu virus in Hungary. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2007 ; Vol. 45, No. 12. pp. 3870-3874.
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