Efficacy of mefenoxam is affected by a lag period between application and inactivation of Pythium species

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Abstract

A study was undertaken to investigate whether inactivation of Pythiiim by mefenoxam takes place as soon as it comes in contact with the fungicide. Laboratory experiments were conducted which involved three sensitive isolates of P. aphanidermatum (EC50μg mL-1), three sensitive isolates of P. spinosum (EC50μg mL-1) and two resistant isolates of P. aphanidermatum (EC100μg mL-1)- In liquid cultures, inactivation of the sensitive Pythiiim isolates by mefenoxam took place between 12 hr and >96hr at concentrations from 1 to 100 μg mL-1. The time required for inactivation was negatively correlated with the concentration of mefenoxam (P-1 mefenoxam occurred in the first 12 hr. However, colonization was reduced after 24 hr and was completely inhibited after 96 hr. Efficiency of colonization in the sensitive Pythiiim populations was found to have a negative correlation with the concentration of mefenoxam used. Growth and colonization by the resistant Pythiiim isolates were not found to be affected with mefenoxam. This study appears to be the first report of presence of a lag period between application of mefenoxam and time taken to inactivate Pythiiim.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-297
Number of pages6
JournalPhytopathologia Mediterranea
Volume51
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Pythium
inactivation
mefenoxam
fungicides
liquids

Keywords

  • Cucumber
  • Metalaxyl-M

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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abstract = "A study was undertaken to investigate whether inactivation of Pythiiim by mefenoxam takes place as soon as it comes in contact with the fungicide. Laboratory experiments were conducted which involved three sensitive isolates of P. aphanidermatum (EC50μg mL-1), three sensitive isolates of P. spinosum (EC50μg mL-1) and two resistant isolates of P. aphanidermatum (EC100μg mL-1)- In liquid cultures, inactivation of the sensitive Pythiiim isolates by mefenoxam took place between 12 hr and >96hr at concentrations from 1 to 100 μg mL-1. The time required for inactivation was negatively correlated with the concentration of mefenoxam (P-1 mefenoxam occurred in the first 12 hr. However, colonization was reduced after 24 hr and was completely inhibited after 96 hr. Efficiency of colonization in the sensitive Pythiiim populations was found to have a negative correlation with the concentration of mefenoxam used. Growth and colonization by the resistant Pythiiim isolates were not found to be affected with mefenoxam. This study appears to be the first report of presence of a lag period between application of mefenoxam and time taken to inactivate Pythiiim.",
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