Effects of saline nutrient solutions on the growth and accumulation of mineral elements in some tomato cultivars1

S. M.E. Satti, Salim A. Al-Rawahy, M. Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tomato cultivars were grown in a saline nutrient culture system to investigate growth and fruiting responses in relation to the application of 3 mM potassium (K), 1.5 mM phosphorus (P), and 10 mM calcium (Ca). The deleterious effects of salinity on tomato stem growth and fruit yield were ameliorated following the addition of K, P, and Ca to the nutrient solution. Potassium levels in tomato leaves were increased 4-fold compared to control plants in the presence of applied K. The use of K resulted in an increase in Na content, however, a comparatively low level of sodium (Na) was obtained in treatments receiving K, Ca, and P. Calcium content was greater than sufficiency levels in all treatments, whereas magnesium (Mg) declined with the increase in salinity. The amount of P in tomato leaves was increased 4–5 fold when the nutrient solution was supplemented with 1.5 mM P. Correlation of vegetative parameters, such as stem height and leaf growth to salinity, revealed no significant responses, however commercial parameters such as total soluble solids and fruit weight correlated significantly with the saline nutrient treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2106
Number of pages10
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume26
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1995

Fingerprint

nutrient solutions
tomatoes
minerals
calcium
nutrient
mineral
salinity
potassium
fruit
stem
fold
leaves
nutrients
fruiting
stem elongation
total soluble solids
fruit yield
cultivar
magnesium
sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Effects of saline nutrient solutions on the growth and accumulation of mineral elements in some tomato cultivars1 . / Satti, S. M.E.; Al-Rawahy, Salim A.; Lopez, M.

In: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 13-14, 01.07.1995, p. 2097-2106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ec73efc2e3ba4991845e9a458cf9f84f,
title = "Effects of saline nutrient solutions on the growth and accumulation of mineral elements in some tomato cultivars1",
abstract = "Tomato cultivars were grown in a saline nutrient culture system to investigate growth and fruiting responses in relation to the application of 3 mM potassium (K), 1.5 mM phosphorus (P), and 10 mM calcium (Ca). The deleterious effects of salinity on tomato stem growth and fruit yield were ameliorated following the addition of K, P, and Ca to the nutrient solution. Potassium levels in tomato leaves were increased 4-fold compared to control plants in the presence of applied K. The use of K resulted in an increase in Na content, however, a comparatively low level of sodium (Na) was obtained in treatments receiving K, Ca, and P. Calcium content was greater than sufficiency levels in all treatments, whereas magnesium (Mg) declined with the increase in salinity. The amount of P in tomato leaves was increased 4–5 fold when the nutrient solution was supplemented with 1.5 mM P. Correlation of vegetative parameters, such as stem height and leaf growth to salinity, revealed no significant responses, however commercial parameters such as total soluble solids and fruit weight correlated significantly with the saline nutrient treatments.",
author = "Satti, {S. M.E.} and Al-Rawahy, {Salim A.} and M. Lopez",
year = "1995",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00103629509369431",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "2097--2106",
journal = "Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis",
issn = "0010-3624",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "13-14",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of saline nutrient solutions on the growth and accumulation of mineral elements in some tomato cultivars1

AU - Satti, S. M.E.

AU - Al-Rawahy, Salim A.

AU - Lopez, M.

PY - 1995/7/1

Y1 - 1995/7/1

N2 - Tomato cultivars were grown in a saline nutrient culture system to investigate growth and fruiting responses in relation to the application of 3 mM potassium (K), 1.5 mM phosphorus (P), and 10 mM calcium (Ca). The deleterious effects of salinity on tomato stem growth and fruit yield were ameliorated following the addition of K, P, and Ca to the nutrient solution. Potassium levels in tomato leaves were increased 4-fold compared to control plants in the presence of applied K. The use of K resulted in an increase in Na content, however, a comparatively low level of sodium (Na) was obtained in treatments receiving K, Ca, and P. Calcium content was greater than sufficiency levels in all treatments, whereas magnesium (Mg) declined with the increase in salinity. The amount of P in tomato leaves was increased 4–5 fold when the nutrient solution was supplemented with 1.5 mM P. Correlation of vegetative parameters, such as stem height and leaf growth to salinity, revealed no significant responses, however commercial parameters such as total soluble solids and fruit weight correlated significantly with the saline nutrient treatments.

AB - Tomato cultivars were grown in a saline nutrient culture system to investigate growth and fruiting responses in relation to the application of 3 mM potassium (K), 1.5 mM phosphorus (P), and 10 mM calcium (Ca). The deleterious effects of salinity on tomato stem growth and fruit yield were ameliorated following the addition of K, P, and Ca to the nutrient solution. Potassium levels in tomato leaves were increased 4-fold compared to control plants in the presence of applied K. The use of K resulted in an increase in Na content, however, a comparatively low level of sodium (Na) was obtained in treatments receiving K, Ca, and P. Calcium content was greater than sufficiency levels in all treatments, whereas magnesium (Mg) declined with the increase in salinity. The amount of P in tomato leaves was increased 4–5 fold when the nutrient solution was supplemented with 1.5 mM P. Correlation of vegetative parameters, such as stem height and leaf growth to salinity, revealed no significant responses, however commercial parameters such as total soluble solids and fruit weight correlated significantly with the saline nutrient treatments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028982178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028982178&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00103629509369431

DO - 10.1080/00103629509369431

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 2097

EP - 2106

JO - Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

JF - Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

SN - 0010-3624

IS - 13-14

ER -