Effects of resource distribution on the cost of predator avoidance behaviour in tadpoles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tadpoles reduce activity and increase hiding in the presence of dragonfly larvae. Several studies demonstrate that tadpoles showing this behaviour have slower growth, however, other studies have found no effect or even positive growth in tadpoles exposed to predators. A recent study demonstrated that swimming is an energetically expensive activity for Bufo arabicus tadpoles. Therefore, if food resources are abundant close to refuges, reduced activity may be an advantage and could offset the cost of reduced foraging. I tested this hypothesis by growing B. arabicus tadpoles with food provided either near or away from shelters, in the presence or absence of caged dragonfly larvae. In the presence of dragonfly larvae, tadpoles provided with food close to shelters were significantly larger than those with food further away. Control tadpoles under both food treatments were intermediate in size, although not statistically different from the predator + near food tadpoles. The results indicate that access to resources is the main determinant of growth in B. arabicus tadpoles and that the energetic cost of swimming is a secondary factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume758
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 18 2015

Fingerprint

avoidance behavior
tadpoles
predator
predators
dragonfly
food
resource
cost
Anisoptera (Odonata)
larva
shelter
larvae
refuge
distribution
effect
Bufo
energetics
foraging

Keywords

  • Behavioural plasticity
  • Bufo arabicus
  • Energetic costs
  • Inducible-defences
  • Predators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Effects of resource distribution on the cost of predator avoidance behaviour in tadpoles. / Barry, Michael J.

In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 758, No. 1, 18.04.2015, p. 99-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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