Effect of physicochemical and hydrodynamic conditions on kinetics of carbon particles deposition on plastic particles

H. Mousa, M. Al-Jabari, I. Al-Khateeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deposition of carbon particles on plastic spheres was experimentally investigated. The effects of CaCI2 concentration, soap concentration and the mixing speed on the deposition rate and the equilibrium particle concentration were studied. The effect of the above parameters on the Langmuir model constants was also determined. In the absence of CaCI2, almost no deposition takes place. However, when CaCI2 was added, the deposition becomes very fast. A large equilibrium constant was obtained when the concentration of CaCi2 equals the stoichiometric amount necessary to react with the sodium stearate soap. On the other hand, when the concentration of CaCI2 was above the stoichiometric amount, both coagulation of carbon particles and deposition took place simultaneously. When the soap concentration was above the stoichiometric amount the deposition rate is slow. Further increase in the soap concentration has similar effect on the deposition rate. The effect of mixing speed on the deposition rate was examined. Mixing speeds of 100, 300 and 500 rpm were used. Results showed that the deposition rate increases as the mixing speed increases until a certain point is reached where it starts to decrease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2001

Fingerprint

Deposition rates
Soaps (detergents)
Carbon
Hydrodynamics
plastic
hydrodynamics
Plastics
kinetics
Kinetics
carbon
Equilibrium constants
Coagulation
Sodium
effect
particle
coagulation
sodium
rate
soap
speed

Keywords

  • Carbon particles
  • Deposition
  • Langmuir model
  • Plastic spheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Effect of physicochemical and hydrodynamic conditions on kinetics of carbon particles deposition on plastic particles. / Mousa, H.; Al-Jabari, M.; Al-Khateeb, I.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 83, No. 2, 15.06.2001, p. 79-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Deposition of carbon particles on plastic spheres was experimentally investigated. The effects of CaCI2 concentration, soap concentration and the mixing speed on the deposition rate and the equilibrium particle concentration were studied. The effect of the above parameters on the Langmuir model constants was also determined. In the absence of CaCI2, almost no deposition takes place. However, when CaCI2 was added, the deposition becomes very fast. A large equilibrium constant was obtained when the concentration of CaCi2 equals the stoichiometric amount necessary to react with the sodium stearate soap. On the other hand, when the concentration of CaCI2 was above the stoichiometric amount, both coagulation of carbon particles and deposition took place simultaneously. When the soap concentration was above the stoichiometric amount the deposition rate is slow. Further increase in the soap concentration has similar effect on the deposition rate. The effect of mixing speed on the deposition rate was examined. Mixing speeds of 100, 300 and 500 rpm were used. Results showed that the deposition rate increases as the mixing speed increases until a certain point is reached where it starts to decrease.

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