Effect of Organically Amended Growing Substrates on the Growth and Physiological Attributes of Citrus Plants

Mazhar Abbas, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye, Qumer Iqbal, Mubshar Hussain, Muhammad Mumtaz Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present experiment was conducted to study the influence of growing substrates on the growth of citrus plants. Rough lemon and Kinnow mandarin were selected as rootstock and scion cultivars, respectively. Eleven potting mixes were assessed along with the control, mixed on a v/v basis. Citrus seedlings cultivated in potting mix growing substrate (GM11) (sand + silt + farm yard manure + compost, 1:1:1:1) exhibited better plant development followed by the plants grown in GM12 (sand + silt + farm yard manure + coconut husk, 1:1:1:1). The saplings cultivated in substrates containing compost and coconut husk having optimum pH of 5.5–7.5 resulted in substantial improvement in horticultural traits and physiological variables when compared with the control. In sum, the growing substrate GM11 significantly improved the growth and development of citrus saplings due to increased mineral contents, leaf area index, photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs), and transpiration rate (E) of citrus plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1863-1880
Number of pages18
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume46
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2015

Fingerprint

Citrus
substrate
coconuts
sapling
saplings
hulls
compost
silt
animal manures
manure
farm
sand
Citrus jambhiri
composted manure
rootstock
mandarins
scions
stomatal conductance
growth and development
leaf area index

Keywords

  • Coconut husk
  • compost
  • gas exchange variables
  • potting mixes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Effect of Organically Amended Growing Substrates on the Growth and Physiological Attributes of Citrus Plants. / Abbas, Mazhar; Aftab, Muhammad; Zafar-ul-Hye, Muhammad; Iqbal, Qumer; Hussain, Mubshar; Khan, Muhammad Mumtaz.

In: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Vol. 46, No. 15, 22.08.2015, p. 1863-1880.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbas, Mazhar ; Aftab, Muhammad ; Zafar-ul-Hye, Muhammad ; Iqbal, Qumer ; Hussain, Mubshar ; Khan, Muhammad Mumtaz. / Effect of Organically Amended Growing Substrates on the Growth and Physiological Attributes of Citrus Plants. In: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2015 ; Vol. 46, No. 15. pp. 1863-1880.
@article{95ee21bdbc5c4788b9376df9b1c8034c,
title = "Effect of Organically Amended Growing Substrates on the Growth and Physiological Attributes of Citrus Plants",
abstract = "The present experiment was conducted to study the influence of growing substrates on the growth of citrus plants. Rough lemon and Kinnow mandarin were selected as rootstock and scion cultivars, respectively. Eleven potting mixes were assessed along with the control, mixed on a v/v basis. Citrus seedlings cultivated in potting mix growing substrate (GM11) (sand + silt + farm yard manure + compost, 1:1:1:1) exhibited better plant development followed by the plants grown in GM12 (sand + silt + farm yard manure + coconut husk, 1:1:1:1). The saplings cultivated in substrates containing compost and coconut husk having optimum pH of 5.5–7.5 resulted in substantial improvement in horticultural traits and physiological variables when compared with the control. In sum, the growing substrate GM11 significantly improved the growth and development of citrus saplings due to increased mineral contents, leaf area index, photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs), and transpiration rate (E) of citrus plants.",
keywords = "Coconut husk, compost, gas exchange variables, potting mixes",
author = "Mazhar Abbas and Muhammad Aftab and Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye and Qumer Iqbal and Mubshar Hussain and Khan, {Muhammad Mumtaz}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1080/00103624.2015.1059846",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "1863--1880",
journal = "Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis",
issn = "0010-3624",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Organically Amended Growing Substrates on the Growth and Physiological Attributes of Citrus Plants

AU - Abbas, Mazhar

AU - Aftab, Muhammad

AU - Zafar-ul-Hye, Muhammad

AU - Iqbal, Qumer

AU - Hussain, Mubshar

AU - Khan, Muhammad Mumtaz

PY - 2015/8/22

Y1 - 2015/8/22

N2 - The present experiment was conducted to study the influence of growing substrates on the growth of citrus plants. Rough lemon and Kinnow mandarin were selected as rootstock and scion cultivars, respectively. Eleven potting mixes were assessed along with the control, mixed on a v/v basis. Citrus seedlings cultivated in potting mix growing substrate (GM11) (sand + silt + farm yard manure + compost, 1:1:1:1) exhibited better plant development followed by the plants grown in GM12 (sand + silt + farm yard manure + coconut husk, 1:1:1:1). The saplings cultivated in substrates containing compost and coconut husk having optimum pH of 5.5–7.5 resulted in substantial improvement in horticultural traits and physiological variables when compared with the control. In sum, the growing substrate GM11 significantly improved the growth and development of citrus saplings due to increased mineral contents, leaf area index, photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs), and transpiration rate (E) of citrus plants.

AB - The present experiment was conducted to study the influence of growing substrates on the growth of citrus plants. Rough lemon and Kinnow mandarin were selected as rootstock and scion cultivars, respectively. Eleven potting mixes were assessed along with the control, mixed on a v/v basis. Citrus seedlings cultivated in potting mix growing substrate (GM11) (sand + silt + farm yard manure + compost, 1:1:1:1) exhibited better plant development followed by the plants grown in GM12 (sand + silt + farm yard manure + coconut husk, 1:1:1:1). The saplings cultivated in substrates containing compost and coconut husk having optimum pH of 5.5–7.5 resulted in substantial improvement in horticultural traits and physiological variables when compared with the control. In sum, the growing substrate GM11 significantly improved the growth and development of citrus saplings due to increased mineral contents, leaf area index, photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs), and transpiration rate (E) of citrus plants.

KW - Coconut husk

KW - compost

KW - gas exchange variables

KW - potting mixes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940439376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940439376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00103624.2015.1059846

DO - 10.1080/00103624.2015.1059846

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 1863

EP - 1880

JO - Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

JF - Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

SN - 0010-3624

IS - 15

ER -