Development of nano-spherical RuO2 active material on AISI 317 steel substrate via pulse electrodeposition for supercapacitors

R. Arunachalam, R. M. Gnanamuthu, Mahmoud Al Ahmad, S. Mohan, R. Pavul Raj, J. Maharaja, Nedal Al Taradeh, Ashraf Al-Hinai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of the present study is to develop a thin film hydrous ruthenium oxide (RuO2) electrode material on Ni flashed AISI 317 stainless steel (SS) substrate by pulse electrodeposition (PED) technique for application in supercapacitors. The nickel (Ni) strike thin film is deposited prior to RuO2 in order to improve the adhesion of the active material on the SS substrate. The prepared RuO2 active material on Ni strike SS electrode is characterized using XRD, SEM with EDAX and electrochemically using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using an IVIUM reference potentiostat. The surface morphologies of the thin film (thickness of 2.3μm) active materials are nano-spherical shaped and the particles are arranged uniformly without cracks on the SS substrate. The electrochemical impedance and CV profile demonstrates its superior characteristics in the electrochemical system. Moreover, the specific capacitance of RuO2 value is approximately 520Fg-1 at the scan rate of 1mVs-1 and it's indicating a better utilization of active species in supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume276
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 25 2015

Fingerprint

Steel
Stainless Steel
electrochemical capacitors
Electrodeposition
electrodeposition
stainless steels
Stainless steel
Nickel
steels
Substrates
pulses
Thin films
Cyclic voltammetry
thin films
nickel steels
nickel
impedance
Electrodes
Ruthenium
electrode materials

Keywords

  • Coatings
  • Electrochemical measurements
  • Energy storage
  • Nanostructures
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Development of nano-spherical RuO2 active material on AISI 317 steel substrate via pulse electrodeposition for supercapacitors. / Arunachalam, R.; Gnanamuthu, R. M.; Al Ahmad, Mahmoud; Mohan, S.; Pavul Raj, R.; Maharaja, J.; Al Taradeh, Nedal; Al-Hinai, Ashraf.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 276, 25.08.2015, p. 336-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arunachalam, R. ; Gnanamuthu, R. M. ; Al Ahmad, Mahmoud ; Mohan, S. ; Pavul Raj, R. ; Maharaja, J. ; Al Taradeh, Nedal ; Al-Hinai, Ashraf. / Development of nano-spherical RuO2 active material on AISI 317 steel substrate via pulse electrodeposition for supercapacitors. In: Surface and Coatings Technology. 2015 ; Vol. 276. pp. 336-340.
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