Development of a frequency response INS/GPS system model based on LSSA for bridging GPS outage

Mohammed El-Diasty*, Spiros Pagiatakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The integration of Inertial Navigation System (INS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) architectures can be achieved through the use of many filters such as, an extended Kalman filter, an unscented Kalman filter, divided difference filter, and particle filter. The main objective of all the above filters is to provide accurate fusion of the data from GPS and INS to predict INS-only navigation solution during GPS outages. The prediction mode performance of all these filters is very poor with significant drift in the INS-only solution. Time domain approaches are traditionally used to improve the INS-only solution such as, neural network models. In this paper, a new frequency domain method is proposed in which the frequency band of interest can easily be selected and used in the modeling. To develop a frequency domain method for INS/GPS bridging model for GPS outages, the frequency response of the INS/GPS system must be investigated. The Least Squares Spectral Analysis (LSSA) and a parametric transfer function in the complex Z-plane are employed to develop the frequency response. The input to this system is the INS-only solution and the output is the INS/GPS integration solution. Then, the discrete inverse Z-transform of the parametric transfer function is applied to estimate the impulse response of the INS/GPS system. To examine the performance of the proposed approach, a kinematic dataset is collected in Hamilton Harbour onboard a hydrographic surveying vessel owned by the Canadian Hydrographic Service, Canada. The loosely coupled INS/GPS integration with unscented Kalman filter is developed to obtain an INS/GPS integrated navigation solution and an INS-only solution. Then, the INS/GPS and INS-only navigation solution are used to develop the impulse response of the INS/GPS system. It is shown that the developed impulse response can be used to detect and recover the long-term motion dynamics during GPS outages with about 80% dynamic recovery for longitude solution and 50% dynamic recovery for east velocity solution when compared with the INS-only solution (prediction mode of the INS/GPS filter).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008
Pages28-34
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008 - Savannah, GA, United States
Duration: Sep 16 2008Sep 19 2008

Publication series

Name21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008
Volume1

Conference

Conference21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySavannah, GA
Period9/16/089/19/08

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Communication

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