Delineation of a paleo-channel utilizing integrated geophysical techniques at the port of duqm area, sultanate of oman

I. El-Hussain, A. M E Mohamed, A. Deif, G. Al-Rawas, K. Al-Jabri, G. Pekman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Integrated surface geophysical surveys were conducted along a 3 km line in the sabkha area at the Port of Duqm site in the Sultanate of Oman in order to model the thickness of the uppermost sabkha layer and to determine the existence of a paleo-channel in the area. The spatial location of the survey line was laid out by a geodetic land survey for accurate geophysical measurements. Three geophysical surveys, the shallow seismic refraction method, the 2D multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) and the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) survey, were conducted. Despite uncertainties that are known to be associated with each of the used methods, a good agreement was revealed between the geophysical results and data from three nearby boreholes in terms of thickness and seismic wave velocity variation. The results of the shallow seismic refraction and MASW methods show a section with three main layers; a near-surface layer with P-wave velocity varying from 300 m s-1 to 500 m s-1, S-wave velocity varying from 150 m s-1 to 350 m s-1 and thickness ranging from 2 m at the northwestern end to 10 m at the southeastern end. This low-velocity layer is interpreted as the sabkha formation. The second layer is characterized by P-wave velocity ranging from 1000 m s-1 to 1600 m s-1, S-wave velocities of 450 m s-1 to 600 m s-1 and thickness varying from 4 m to 8 m. The third layer shows P-wave velocity from 2200 m s-1 to 2700 m s-1 and a shear wave from 650 m s-1 to 850 m s-1. This could be considered as a soft rock layer. The fundamental frequencies indicated by the HVSR results at the southeastern part of the line close to the start point, where relatively thick recent alluvium deposits are present, are lower than those at the northwestern part towards the end point, where rocky outcrops of Tertiary limestone appeared. The results reflect the existence of a paleo-channel at the southeastern part of the profile in agreement with the geomorphological data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055005
JournalJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Oman
delineation
wave velocity
sabkha
P waves
S waves
P-wave
S-wave
geophysical survey
seismic refraction
surface wave
surface waves
Refraction
refraction
Surface waves
alluvium
soft rock
outcrops
seismic waves
limestone

Keywords

  • duqm
  • HVSR
  • MASW
  • paleo-channel
  • sabkha
  • shallow seismic refraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Geology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Delineation of a paleo-channel utilizing integrated geophysical techniques at the port of duqm area, sultanate of oman. / El-Hussain, I.; Mohamed, A. M E; Deif, A.; Al-Rawas, G.; Al-Jabri, K.; Pekman, G.

In: Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 5, 055005, 01.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - El-Hussain, I.

AU - Mohamed, A. M E

AU - Deif, A.

AU - Al-Rawas, G.

AU - Al-Jabri, K.

AU - Pekman, G.

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N2 - Integrated surface geophysical surveys were conducted along a 3 km line in the sabkha area at the Port of Duqm site in the Sultanate of Oman in order to model the thickness of the uppermost sabkha layer and to determine the existence of a paleo-channel in the area. The spatial location of the survey line was laid out by a geodetic land survey for accurate geophysical measurements. Three geophysical surveys, the shallow seismic refraction method, the 2D multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) and the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) survey, were conducted. Despite uncertainties that are known to be associated with each of the used methods, a good agreement was revealed between the geophysical results and data from three nearby boreholes in terms of thickness and seismic wave velocity variation. The results of the shallow seismic refraction and MASW methods show a section with three main layers; a near-surface layer with P-wave velocity varying from 300 m s-1 to 500 m s-1, S-wave velocity varying from 150 m s-1 to 350 m s-1 and thickness ranging from 2 m at the northwestern end to 10 m at the southeastern end. This low-velocity layer is interpreted as the sabkha formation. The second layer is characterized by P-wave velocity ranging from 1000 m s-1 to 1600 m s-1, S-wave velocities of 450 m s-1 to 600 m s-1 and thickness varying from 4 m to 8 m. The third layer shows P-wave velocity from 2200 m s-1 to 2700 m s-1 and a shear wave from 650 m s-1 to 850 m s-1. This could be considered as a soft rock layer. The fundamental frequencies indicated by the HVSR results at the southeastern part of the line close to the start point, where relatively thick recent alluvium deposits are present, are lower than those at the northwestern part towards the end point, where rocky outcrops of Tertiary limestone appeared. The results reflect the existence of a paleo-channel at the southeastern part of the profile in agreement with the geomorphological data.

AB - Integrated surface geophysical surveys were conducted along a 3 km line in the sabkha area at the Port of Duqm site in the Sultanate of Oman in order to model the thickness of the uppermost sabkha layer and to determine the existence of a paleo-channel in the area. The spatial location of the survey line was laid out by a geodetic land survey for accurate geophysical measurements. Three geophysical surveys, the shallow seismic refraction method, the 2D multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) and the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) survey, were conducted. Despite uncertainties that are known to be associated with each of the used methods, a good agreement was revealed between the geophysical results and data from three nearby boreholes in terms of thickness and seismic wave velocity variation. The results of the shallow seismic refraction and MASW methods show a section with three main layers; a near-surface layer with P-wave velocity varying from 300 m s-1 to 500 m s-1, S-wave velocity varying from 150 m s-1 to 350 m s-1 and thickness ranging from 2 m at the northwestern end to 10 m at the southeastern end. This low-velocity layer is interpreted as the sabkha formation. The second layer is characterized by P-wave velocity ranging from 1000 m s-1 to 1600 m s-1, S-wave velocities of 450 m s-1 to 600 m s-1 and thickness varying from 4 m to 8 m. The third layer shows P-wave velocity from 2200 m s-1 to 2700 m s-1 and a shear wave from 650 m s-1 to 850 m s-1. This could be considered as a soft rock layer. The fundamental frequencies indicated by the HVSR results at the southeastern part of the line close to the start point, where relatively thick recent alluvium deposits are present, are lower than those at the northwestern part towards the end point, where rocky outcrops of Tertiary limestone appeared. The results reflect the existence of a paleo-channel at the southeastern part of the profile in agreement with the geomorphological data.

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