Cytolytic peptides belonging to the brevinin-1 and brevinin-2 families isolated from the skin of the Japanese brown frog, Rana dybowskii

J. Michael Conlon, Jolanta Kolodziejek, Norbert Nowotny, Jérôme Leprince, Hubert Vaudry, Laurent Coquet, Thierry Jouenne, Shawichi Iwamuro

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptidomic analysis of an extract of the skins of specimens of Dybowski's brown frog Rana dybowskii Gunther, 1876, collected on Tsushima Island, Japan led to the identification of 10 peptides with differential antibacterial and hemolytic activities. The primary structures of these peptides identified them as belonging to the brevinin-1 (5 peptides) and brevinin-2 (5 peptides) families of antimicrobial peptides. A peptide (FIGPIISALASLFG.NH2) with structural similarity to members of the temporin family was also isolated but this component lacked cytolytic activity. Phylogenetic relationships among the Japanese brown frogs (R. dybowskii, R. japonica, R. okinavana, R. ornativentris, R. pirica, R. sakuraii, R. tagoi, and R. tsushimensis) are only incompletely understood. Cladograms based upon maximum parsimony analyses of the brevinin-1 and brevinin-2 amino acid sequences provide strong support for a sister-group relationship between R. dybowskii and R. pirica and somewhat weaker support for a sister-group relationship between R. okinavana and R. tsushimensis. These conclusions are consistent with previous analyses based upon allozyme variations and comparisons of the nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-756
Number of pages11
JournalToxicon
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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Keywords

  • Antimicrobial peptide
  • Brevinin-1
  • Brevinin-2
  • Frog phylogeny
  • Temporin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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